Degree of Aspiration of Plosive Consonants

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Introduction………………….………………………………………………..2 1. The Literature Review……….……………………………….……….…….…...4 2.1. Phonetics and Phonology ………………………………………………......4 2.2. Phoneme and Allophone…..…………………………………………….….5 2.3. Voiceless Plosive Consonants …………………………………....………..7 2.4. Aspiration and Degrees of Aspiration ……………………………….…….9 2.5. Spoken Discourse…………….…………………………………………….12 2. Research Results and Discussions……………………………………………....15 3.6. Research Method…………………………………………………………..15 3.7. Analysis Material…………………………………………………………..16 3.8. Process……………………………………………………………………..17 3.9. Results……………………………...……………………………………...19 3.10. Discussion of the Results……………………………….………………....21 Conclusions………………………………………………………………….26 Theses………………………………………………………………………..27 References…………………………………………………………………...29 Appendix 1 Manually tagged text of the formal speech………...…………..30 Appendix 2 Manually tagged text of the informal speech.………………….31 Appendix 3 Additionally tagged text of the formal speech……………...….32 Appendix 4 Additionally tagged text of the informal speech…………….....34

INTRODUCTION

The term paper is devoted to the examination of degrees of aspiration of voiceless plosives in spoken discourse. The main attention will be paid to the occurrence of aspiration degrees of voiceless plosives in both formal and informal spoken discourse of the native English speakers. There are languages, including the Latvian language, in which there is not such phenomena as aspiration; therefore, the aspiration is a crucial aspect for non-native English speakers in order to sound more like a native English speaker and to avoid situations in which non-native speaker could be misunderstood because of the lack of aspiration. This research will help to reveal that the aspiration has an important role in the English language as it is used by native speakers in different spoken discourses. The application of aspiration degrees in the spoken discourse has not yet been studied sufficiently; moreover, the author of the present paper could not find any research devoted to the application of aspiration degrees of voiceless plosives and their effect upon spoken discourse. Therefore, such investigation is important in order to investigate whether the occurrence of aspiration degrees depends on the spoken discourse register, i.e., whether the level of formality of spoken discourse influence the use of aspiration. The goal of the term paper is to investigate whether the use of aspiration degrees of voiceless plosive consonants varies across native English speakers’ formal and informal spoken discourse. The enabling objectives to achieve the research goal are the following: * to read and analyse the secondary sources which deal with the degrees of aspiration, voiceless plosives and spoken discourse; * to listen and select one formal and one informal extract of spoken discourse of the native English speakers; * to analyse two particular records of the native English speakers speeches; * to draw conclusions.

The hypothesis of the present paper is that the use of aspiration degrees of voiceless plosive consonants varies across formal and informal spoken discourse. The research methods used in the present paper are the theoretical research method that provides the necessary theoretical background to the research by overviewing relevant theoretical sources and the discourse analysis based on the frequency of aspiration detected in small, specialized aspiration tagged corpus of formal and informal spoken discourses of the native English speakers. The data collection technique is the extraction of records of the native English speakers’ spoken texts, the transcription of extracts, manual tagging of extracts and automated extraction of aspiration cases in specialized corpus of spoken language. Chapter one is devoted to the analysis of secondary sources. In this chapter the definitions...
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