Deforestation

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DEFORESTATION
INTRODUCTION
The clearing of tropical forests across the Earth has been occurring  on a large scale for many years. This process, known as deforestation,  involves the cutting down, burning, and damaging of forests. If the  current rate of deforestation continues, the world's rain forests will  vanish soon, causing unknown effects on global climate and eliminating  the majority of plant and animal species on the planet. It would also  change the water and oxygen levels dramatically, which would increase  the global warming. Deforestation is mostly experienced between the  Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn especially in the  Brazilian part of the Amazon, which covers 33% of the world's  rainforests. 

"Save the greenery Enjoy the scenery
Don't cut our green friends Or it will be
the end of all trends"
PROBLEMS OF DEFORESTION
First of all, many medicines come from plants. Most of the Amazon's  plants have yet to be discovered and catalogued, so we may lose  valuable cures or vaccines that could have otherwise been used to  fight illnesses such as cancer or AIDS. These plants could save the  lives of millions of people all over the world, but are lost as a  result of the destruction of the rainforests. Secondly, the Amazon rainforest is sometimes called the "lung of the  world" because its production of over 1/4 of the world's oxygen makes  it possible for us to breathe. The faster we eliminate forests, the closer we get to our own impending doom. Obviously, this behaviour is suicidal, and must be stopped. A lot of land in the rainforest is given to landless people by the government..

GLOBLE WARMING
 Global Warming occurs when there is an increase in the Earth's temperature. This is due to the use of fossil fuels and other industrial processes, leading to a build up of 'greenhouse gases'. In the Amazon, cattle  ranching increase the build up of methane, a gas which can lead to global warming. The burning of trees, to quickly clear land for ranching, increases the build up of carbon dioxide, another gas which can lead to global warming. All this will eventually affect every single thing on this planet. A build up of carbon dioxide causes a rise in temperature in the Earth's atmosphere. This rise in temperature will cause the polar ice caps to melt, causing a rise in the sea level. This will cause problems for those living on low-lying land, especially in Bangladesh. Those living in Bangladesh are always experiencing floods, as the country lies on the delta of the River Ganges. Floods in Bangladesh are frequent, and nearly always kills some, while making thousands homeless. The floods are disastrous, and cost a lot of money. If global warming increases (by the deforestation of the Amazon), Bangladesh will eventually become totally flooded, and millions will die. The country will be totally subdued in water, and will not be seen above sea level, as it is already quite low lying. Being a poor society (LEDC) as it is, Bangladesh would not be able to cope with an increase in global warming 

DEFORESTATION IN COLOMBIA
Deforestation of Colombia is a dangerous act to the environment. Colombia’s forests are the home of 55,000 plant species and 358 mammal species, 15 percent of the world’s primates. Currently, 1,000 plants species and 24 mammals’ species are threatened with extinction largely because of mass deforestation.  Each year, a total of 1.5 to 2.2 million acres is lost to deforestation. At this rate, Colombia’s woodlands will be depleted in 40 years. Already one-third of this country’s original forest lands have felled. Colombia’s Pacific region consists of lush rainforests and contains most of the country’s natural resources. Under Colombia’s ambitious plans to develop their economy, the area has become targeted for the extraction and exportation of natural resources on the last ten years. The scheme is known as Plan Pacifica. Under the plan, one hundred and sixty thousand hectares are...
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