Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence: The fundamental document establishing the United States as a nation, adopted on July 4, 1776. The declaration was ordered and approved by the Continental Congress and written largely by Thomas Jefferson. It declared the thirteen colonies represented in the Continental Congress independent from Britain, offered reasons for the separation, and laid out the principles for which the Revolutionary War was fought. The signers included John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, and Jefferson. The declaration begins (capitalization and punctuation are modernized)
Articles of Confederation: An agreement among the thirteen original states, approved in 1781, that provided a loose federal government before the present Constitution went into effect in 1789. There was no chief executive or judiciary, and the legislature of the Confederation had no authority to collect taxes. Shay’s Rebellion: 1747--1825, American soldier and revolutionary leader of a rebellion of Massachusetts farmers against the US government (1786--87)
Constitutional Convention: The gathering that drafted the Constitution of the United States in 1787; all states were invited to send delegates. The convention, meeting in Philadelphia, designed a government with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches. It established Congress as a lawmaking body with two houses: each state is given two representatives in the Senate, whereas representation in the House of Representatives is based on population.
Delegates: A person chosen or elected to act for or represent another or others, especially at a conference or meeting. (US) government a representative of a territory in the US House of Representatives
The New Jersey plan: William Peterson of New Jersey presented the plan to the Convention on June 15, 1787. The plan became known as the New Jersey Plan. Though it included provisions that the larger states would...
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