Debating Ethical Issues: Is Abortion Ethical? (Affirmative)

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In regards to the women that face the decision of whether or not abortion is ethical, Ayn Rand, a major intellectual figure of the 20th century, would say that achieving self interest is the ultimate end.¹ Rand’s philosophy of Objectivist Ethics puts aside the judgement of other people.⁴ She focuses on the goals of the individual and how a person must benefit from their actions for the sake of themselves.⁴ “There is no such thing as ‘society’…only individual men,” that must fend for themselves as nature does not guarantee our survival.³ A woman should do what she feels will provide the most efficient self interest; thus if a woman desires to abort a pregnancy, it is ethical to do so. Through the traditional definition of self interest, many would describe it as the pursuit of happiness regardless of other’s interest and well being. Seemingly a selfish viewpoint in life, Rand twists this definition and states that, self interest is indeed the standard of morality, and selflessness is the deepest immorality.¹ We are denying our very existence by rejecting the well being of the self. One must see oneself as an end in oneself; doing what is in our own interest even if we must sacrifice ourselves.¹ And in that we also cannot abuse the purpose of others as servants to achieve one’s own interest. Rand describes these goals as The Virtue of Selfishness, the act of self responsibility.¹ Ayn Rand describes that one is responsible for sustaining and enhancing one’s own life. It is solely up to us to establish what values are necessary.¹ A woman has the right to uphold the foundation of her well being and if that requires an abortion to achieving what is in her best interest, than it is only her own responsibility to sustain that foundation. As each woman chooses what values will enhance the quality of her existence, she must do what is best to achieve those values. Choosing the path of an abortion can be seen as virtuous, as it implements a woman’s responsibility to...
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