Debate Between Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government

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CONSTITUTIONAL LAW ASSIGNMENT

MADE BY:
MANSUMYER SINGH
B.A.LL.B (2010-15)
SEC: A; ROLL NO: 09
A3211110009
DEBATE BETWEEN PARLIAMENTARY AND PRESIDENTIAL FORMS OF GOVERNMENT

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction...............................................................................................................2 The parliamentary system..........................................................................................2 The Westminster model.............................................................................................4 Advantages of parliamentary system.........................................................................5 Disadvantages of parliamentary system....................................................................6 The presidential system.............................................................................................7 Advantages of presidential system............................................................................9 Disadvantages of the presidential system..................................................................9 Difference between parliamentary and presidential system....................................10 Conclusion...............................................................................................................11

INTRODUCTION
Parliamentary and Presidential systems are the two of the most popular forms of democratic governments. With the political unrest that has gripped many countries; the debate between parliamentary and presidential forms of government has escalated the world over. Both of them have their own benefits as well as their own disadvantages. No political system can be perfect or can always have stability, but shown in history there are successful countries that use either one. Also there are countries that have failed with one of the two systems. The United States and Great Britain are two of the most popular examples of Presidential and Parliamentary forms of government. Parliamentarian government is defined as a form of government in which the executive branch is made up of the prime minister and the officials’ cabinet. Presidential government is defined as a form of government in which the legislative and executive branches are separated, independent, and co-equal. One of the most recognized differences between a parliamentary and presidential system involves how the branches of government are organized. In a presidential government all three branches are separated. Parliamentary systems vest their executive power in the assembly. This means there is no separate executive branch. In both systems of government you’re allowed to vote at the age of eighteen. Although these systems share a lot of differences, this is one thing they agree upon.

THE PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM
India and some of its neighbors along with a majority of European countries follow the Parliamentary form of government. Great Britain is the most well known parliamentary system.

The parliamentary system typically has clear differentiation between the head of government and the head of state, with the former being the Prime Minister and the latter, the President.

The Prime Minister is the chief executive and, together with the Cabinet, exercises executive power or the authority to form and implement policies and programs. He/she is also usually the leader of the political party that wins the majority of votes in the legislature or parliament, either assuming the post automatically or gets elected by the legislature. The members of the Cabinet are chosen by the Prime Minister from the members of parliament and can come from the same party or from a coalition of parties.

The head of state, meanwhile, is the President, often elected by a designated electoral college as a figurehead with ceremonial powers. In some cases, however, the President could take on a more significant role during a constitutional or political crisis. In the...
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