Dbq- the Bubonic Plague

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14Th Century Europe was a period of chaos and turmoil. The Great Famine of 1315-1317 produced the worst famine in the Middle Ages that killed millions of people all over Europe. The onset of the Bubonic Plague (“Black Death”) only made things worse. The Black Death swept throughout Europe and killed as much as two fifths of the already diminished European population. The Black Death effected Europe politically, socially, and economically. Europeans responded to the Black Death differently. We got to see what Europeans did, thought, and how the Black Death affected Europe socially through physicians, firsthand accounts, and written reports. Physicians throughout Europe wrote what they thought and what other people did during the Black Death. Johann Weyer, a German physician, wrote, in his book The Deception of Demons, that children would pay people to give their parents the Plague “in order to obtain their inheritances more quickly.” People at the time didn’t know the Black Death was being spread by the fleas on the rats, so they believed in false cures and false causes. For example, some people thought God was punishing them for being sinful. Giovanni Filippo, a Sicilian physician, thought pest houses were needed to quarantine the infected, people who violate health regulations should be executed in order to frighten others, and that bonfires were needed to eliminate the infected. In his The Reform of Medicine, H. de Rochas, a French physician, saw many plague-stricken patients hang toads around their necks because they thought the Plague and its “venom” would be drawn out of them and into the toad. M. Bertrand, a physician from Marseilles, France, thought that the plague was caused by an angry God over a sinful and offending people. However, one must take into account the biases, or point of views, of: Weyer, Bertrand, Rochas, and even M. Bertrand because, physicians at the time of the Plague had no idea what was causing the Plague, or how it could be cured....
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