Dbq Notes 1820-1860 Compromises

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Compromise * Missouri Compromise (1820) -It didn’t allow slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30′ north except Missouri. Allowed Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. * Compromise of 1850 ( 1850) - Admit California as a free state; uphold popular sovereignty in New Mexico and Utah; Includes Fugitive Slave Act; Settles Texas/New Mexico border disputes; Ban slave trade in Washington D.C * Kansas Nebraska Act (1854) - Divide the Kansas territory into Kansas and Nebraska. Have popular sovereignty decide whether they are slave states or free states * Indian Removal Acts (1830) - forced many Native Americans to move west of the Mississippi. 1838 Us army moves 15 thousand Native Americans (Cherokees). * | Transportation Methods * National Road (1811) – first major highway in the U.S built by the federal government * Erie Canal (1825) – water way in New York that opened from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes * Railroads (1850-1873) – Made it possible for the nation to be urbanely industrial cutting the price on moving materials and people. Helped stimulate steel and telegraph industries. * Locomotive (1829)- steam powered engine that pulled rail cars * Clipper Ships (1845)- sleeker ships with tall masts and huge sails that broke tons of speed records. * | Communication * Telegraph (1844)- messages sent as electrical signals in a code of dots, dashes and spaces. Later known as Morse code. (Samuel F.B Morse) * Newspapers(1790-1835)- the numbers jumped quite a bit from 1790 (92) to 1820 (512) to 1835 (1258) * | Colonies vs. Nation * Colony in Liberia (1822)- The slave population was growing too fast in the U.S (50 thousand a year) while the Liberian population was only 1400 by 1830. People said it was an hopeless operation designed to get African Americans out of the North while not doing anything about slavery in the South. | Sectionalism * The whole nation was sectionalist between the...
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