New Deal DBQ
Using you knowledge AND the documents provided, write a well-reasoned essay on the following prompt:
How did the New Deal of the Great Depression create a lasting impact on the role of government in business and the lives o the American people?
Source: America 1900-1999: Letters of the Century, Grunwald, Lisa and Adler, Stephen.
Troy, NY Jan. 2, 1935
Dear Mrs. Roosevelt,
About a month ago I wrote you asking if you would buy some baby clothes for me with the understanding that I was to repay you as soon as my husband got a enough work. Several weeks later, I received a reply to apply to a Welfare Association so I might receive the aid I needed. Do you remember?
Please Mrs. Roosevelt, I do not want charity, only a chance from someone who will trust me until we can get enough money to repay the amount spent for the things I need. As a proof that I really am sincere, I am sending you 2 of my dearest possessions to keep as security, a ring my husband gave me before we were married, and a ring my mother used to wear. Perhaps the actual value of them is not high, but they are worth a lot to me. If you would consider buying the baby clothes, please keep them (rings) until I send you the money you spent. It is very hard to face bearing a baby we cannot afford to have, and the fact that it is due to arrive soon, and still there is no money for the hospital or clothing, does not make it any easier. I have decided to stay home, keeping my seven year old daughter from school to help with smaller children when my husband has work. The oldest girl is sick now, and has never been strong, so I would not depend on her. The seven year old is a good willing little worker and somehow we must manage-but without charity.
If you still feel you cannot trust me, it is all right and I can only say I do not blame you, but if you decide my word id worth anything with so small a security, here is a list of what I will need- but I will need it very soon.
• 2 shirts, silk and wool size 2
• 3 pr. Stockings, silk and wool, 4 ½ or 4
• 3 straight flannel bands
• 2 slips-outing flannel
• 2 muslim dresses
• 1 sweater
• 1 wool bonnet
• 2 pr. Wool booties
• 2 doz. Diapers 30x30 or 27x27
• 1 large blanket
• 3 outing flannel nightgowns
If you will get these things for me I would rather no one else knew about it. I promise to repay the cost of the layette as soon as possible. We will be very grateful to you, and I will be more than happy. Sincerely yours,
1. Why might this woman not want to turn to a charity for help? 2. Why could she not afford to get the items herself?
3. Who might help this woman if she were in this position today?
1. What is the WPA?
2. What was the goal of programs like the WPA, and what were at least 2 other alphabet soup programs with the same goal?
Source: Excerpts from FDR's Fireside Chat: 8/30/1934
I am happy to report that after years of uncertainty, culminating in the collapse of the spring of 1933, we are bringing order out of the old chaos with a greater certainty of the employment of labor at a reasonable wage and of more business at a fair profit. These governmental and industrial developments hold promise of new achievements for the nation.
Men may differ as to the particular form of governmental activity with respect to industry and business, but nearly all are agreed that private enterprise in times such as these cannot be left without assistance and without reasonable safeguards lest it destroy not only itself but also our processes of civilization.
It was in this spirit … that we approached our task of reviving...
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