The long history of the United States is one of continual expansion as shows in the late nineteenth and twentieth-century. Certain factors can be found that are responsible for early American expansion and late nineteenth century imperialism. The motives for expansionism both in America and out were relatively the same. Religious reasons such as in early expansion was spreading Christianity and in late imperialism spreading Christianity to our little brown brothers in the Philippines. Economic factors were contributed by building railroads in expansion and using the sugar and cheap labor in Cuba during imperialism years. Social motives like those in the early years were that of railroads across the plains and keeping up with the European powers in the imperialistic years. Humanitarian, we thought, reasons in the early expansion years was assimilating the Indians and then years later, assimilating the Filipinos. Finally, geographic motives such as the Louisiana Purchase to double the size of America and annexing Hawaii and imperializing Cuba and the Philippines in the later years. The only major difference between these times was the expansion beyond America’s borders.
Both in early expansion years and in imperialism years, American had religious motives to expand. In the early expansion years, the pilgrims, Puritans, Quakers, and other religious groups were searching for religious freedom. They did this by expanding into places such as Massachusetts Bay, Boston, Maryland, and other places in New England in search of religious tolerance. In Maryland, especially, the religious tolerance expanded a bit through the Maryland Toleration Act of 1649. This granted tolerance to all forms of Christianity, a step in the right direction for religious freedom. In the imperialism years, the religious motives were to convert the Philippines, Cuba, and Hawaii into Christianity. In Senator Albert J. Beveridge’s Speech to the 56th Congress in 1900 regarding the...
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