1.Understand the main legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding children and young people.
1.1Outline current legislation, guidelines and policies and procedures within own UK Home Nation affecting the safeguarding of children and young people.
The Children Act 1989, carried out for the most part on 14 October 1991, introduced comprehensive changes to legislation in England and Wales affecting the welfare of children. The Act: •Reinforces the function of families through definition of parental responsibility •Legislates to protect children who may be suffering or are likely to suffer significant harm •Provides support from local authorities, in particular for families whose children are in need The main aims of the Act are;
•To bring together private and public law in one framework •To encourage greater partnership between statutory authorities and parents •To promote the use of voluntary arrangements
•To achieve a better balance between protecting children and enabling parents to challenge state intervention •To restructure the framework of the courts to facilitate management of family proceedings The main principles and provisions embodied in this legislation are that; •The welfare of children must be the paramount consideration when the courts are making decisions about them •Children have the ability to be parties, separate from their parents, in legal proceedings •The concept of parental responsibility has replaced that of parental rights •Delay in deciding questions concerning children is likely to prejudice their welfare •Certain duties and powers are conferred upon local authorities to provide services for children and families •Local authorities are charged with duties to identify children in need and to safeguard and promote their welfare •A checklist of factors must be considered by the courts before reaching decisions •Orders under this Act should not be made unless it can be shown that this is better for the child than not making the order The Children Act 2004 (Every Child Matters) set out the national framework for delivering children’s services, and identified the Every Child Matters five outcomes for children and young people, which all professionals must work towards. The Government’s aim is for every child, whatever their background or their circumstances, to have the support they need to; •Stay safe
•Enjoy and achieve
In addition to the Every Child Matters outcomes, The Children Act 2004; •Establishes the duties to ‘co-operate to improve well-being’ and to ‘safeguard and promote welfare’ of children and young people for the statutory agencies •Make local authorities responsible for publishing an integrated Children’s and Young People’s Plan, which describes how they intend to deliver outcomes specified in the Every Child Matters Framework •Gives local authorities the responsibility for setting up a Local Safeguarding Children’s Board (LSCB) •Gives local authorities the responsibility for the arrangements to set up Children’s Trusts, local partnerships between the public, private voluntary and community sectors
Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010 is HM Government guidance that defines Safeguarding, Child Protection and Children in Need. Safeguarding as; •Protecting children from maltreatment, preventing impairment of children’s health or development, ensuring that children are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care and undertaking that role so as to enable those children to have optimum life chances and to enter adulthood successfully. Child Protection as;
•A part of safeguarding and promoting welfare. This refers to the activity that is undertaken to protect specific children who...