Cybercrimes Commited Through Social Networking

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Cybercrimes committed through Social networking
Anmol Garg,
School of Computing and Communication, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YW, UK anmolgargunique@gmail.com

Abstract.

With the development of the internet, it had been easier to share the information globally and today with the technological advancements, it has become possible to dynamically interact with the web, which is also termed as the web 2.0.With the rise of web 2.0, there has been a noted rise in the social networking sites which have promoted a different level of sharing and staying in touch with all the friends and family at the click of a button. The good side of this technological innovation is as lucrative as its bad side for the cybercriminals to access all information about a individual with just few clicks. This has led to a reported increase in the number of cybercrime cases which generated a need for a policy framework to highlight the various preventive measures that can be used to protect an individual from being a victim of cybercrime. Therefore, the present paper is representation of the research which starts by focusing on general privacy of the social networking sites and moves to case studies in the field of identity theft, cyberstalking and child pornography in particular. Each case study tries to majorly address their connection with social networking, the general issues and the legal provisions. The final part of the research paper was drawn in form a advisory policy document which defines the general ways through which individuals can protect themselves from being the victim of a cybercrime and the need for global system for controlling cybercrime.

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Introduction

The development of the internet and moreover, the rise of the web 2.0 has led to a rapid increase in sharing of information and interaction with different people, community and cultures. The sharing is usually done by creating an online identity of an individual in anonymous environment. This environment has no or restricted means to identify and verify the true identity of the individual with respect to the physical world. Although, this has made the web quite helpful and interactive by giving the individuals the right of freedom of speech without the attendant fear of being identified .But synchronously, even the number of cybercrimes committed has substantially increased. The anonymous and complex nature of the identities on the internet makes it further difficult to catch the perpetrator. One of major platform for the sharing of information and committing cybercrimes in the present scenario are the social networking sites. Social networking can be defined as a virtual platform or “web-based services that allow individuals to (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a

connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system. The nature and nomenclature of these connections may vary from site to site.”[1] These sites provide ample opportunity for a cybercriminal to access the information of any of the individual present and make the targeted individual as their victims [2].The only option in such cases is to be aware of the privacy settings or the privacy policy of the specific social networking site(s) in use. The privacy settings could help by restricting/filtering the amount of the information shared or viewable by each of the individual who accesses the profile of this individual. These settings could also make the profile of the individual unsearchable from the web as well as from within the SNS. The three major cybercrimes committed through the Social networking are identity theft, cyberstalking and child pornography [3].

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Identity theft

Identity theft basically relates to the fact of stealing your legal identity to commit either a financial fraud or a kind of crime , the criminal doesn’t want to...
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