The Lack of Attention in the Prevention of Cyber Crime and How to improve it Brett Pladna ICTN6883 East Carolina University
The Lack of Attention in the Prevention of Cyber crime and How to Improve it 2
Abstract This paper discusses the issues of cyber crime and what is being done to prevent it. Cyber criminals take advantages of vulnerabilities by using viruses, bots, etc to cause damage and/or maybe steal information. There are ways that this can be minimized by being aware of what the problems are. There are many problems but common ones are discussed. Not can these problems be solved on an individual or organization level but also on a global level. This paper will look at what cyber crime is and three topics that discuss the problems with cyber crime and how to prevent it.
The Lack of Attention in the Prevention of Cyber crime and How to Improve it 3 Introduction In today’s world we use computers for everything; searching the internet, online shopping, accessing bank accounts, Email, and online gaming as some examples. Communication is faster and more reliable than in the past which has allowed more to be accomplished in a given day. The problem is just like anything else; vulnerability. There are individuals that hack into computers as well as the networks of businesses and government agencies. The problem is that sensitive data can be stolen and/or destroyed. There needs to be more focus on the security of computers and the internet. This paper will focus on the lack of efforts to prevent cyber crime as well as problems associated with it, how cyber security can be improved, and what has been done in response to cyber crime. What is Cyber Crime “Cyber crime is regarded as computer-mediated activities which are either illegal or considered illicit by certain parties and which can be conducted through global electronic networks. Cyber crimes describe criminal activity in which the computer or network is a necessary part of the crime” (Govil, 2007). From the definition it is obvious that the computer is the major source of cyber crime. Cyber crime is a growing list of internet-facilitated offenses. Today street crimes are becoming something of the past. It is not to say that they don’t occur but computer crime is more convenient. Govel (2007) said it “has proven to be accurate, easy, and reliable; detection has posed constraints in preventing cyber crime.” Some of the constraints/characteristics are shown in Figure 1. Figure 1:
The Lack of Attention in the Prevention of Cyber crime and How to Improve it 4 1 Low marginal cost of online activity due to global reach 2 Lower risk of getting caught 7 6 concrete regulatory measure Lack of reporting and standards 3 Catching by law and enforcement agency is less effective and more expensive 4 New opportunity to do legal acts using technical architecture 5 Official investigation and criminal prosecution is rare; not very effective sentences 10 cyber crimes are done collectively and not by individual persons 9 Limited media coverage 8 Difficulty in identification
(Govil, 2007) There are different areas of cyber crimes shown in Figure 2: Figure 2. Financial Using fake websites to market products so as to get the credit numbers Cyber Spreading child pornography or sexually implicit material
The Lack of Attention in the Prevention of Cyber crime and How to Improve it 5 pornography Marketing strategies Intellectual Property Email spoofing Software piracy, copyright infringement, trademark violations, theft of computer code Hacking email/password; sending unwanted message to others ruining a person’s image E-Murder Political Theft of telecommunication services Information piracy and forgery Money laundering and evasion Electronic terrorism Electronic funds Perfect reproduction of original documents such as social security...