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| The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and the United Kingdom and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Please improve this article and discuss the issue on the talk page. (June 2010)| Cyberbullying "involves the use of information and communication technologies to support deliberate, repeated, and hostile behavior by an individual or group, that is intended to harm others. -Bill Belsey" [clarification needed] Contents[hide] * 1 Cyber-bullying defined * 1.1 Cyber-bullying vs. cyber-stalking * 2 Research * 2.1 Surveys and statistics * 3 Comparison to traditional bullying * 4 Legislation against cyber-bullying * 5 Harmful effects * 5.1 Intimidation, emotional damage, suicide * 5.2 Lost revenue, threatened earnings, defamation * 6 Adults and the workplace * 6.1 Recognition of adult and workplace cyber-bullying tactics * 7 Cyber-bullying awareness campaigns * 8 Community support * 9 Cyber-bullying in media and pop culture * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links|  Cyber-bullying defined
The National Crime Prevention Council's definition of cyber-bullying is "when the Internet, cell phones or other devices are used to send or post text or images intended to hurt or embarrass another person." StopCyberbullying.org, an expert organization dedicated to Internet safety, security and privacy, defines cyberbullying as: "a situation when a child, tween or teen is repeatedly 'tormented, threatened, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted' by another child or teenager using text messaging, email, instant messaging or any other type of digital technology." Other researchers use similar language to describe the phenomenon. Cyber-bullying can be as simple as continuing to send e-mail to someone who has said they want no further contact with the sender, but it may also include threats, sexual remarks, pejorative labels (i.e., hate speech), ganging up on victims by making them the subject of ridicule in forums, and posting false statements as fact aimed at humiliation. Cyber-bullies may disclose victims' personal data (e.g. real name, address, or workplace/schools) at websites or forums or may pose as the identity of a victim for the purpose of publishing material in their name that defames or ridicules them. Some cyberbullies may also send threatening and harassing emails and instant messages to the victims, while other post rumors or gossip and instigate others to dislike and gang up on the target. Kids report being mean to each other online beginning as young as 2nd grade. According to research, boys initiate mean online activity earlier than girls do. However, by middle school, girls are more likely to engage in cyber bullying than boys do. Whether the bully is male or female, their purpose is to intentionally embarrass others, harass, intimidate, or make threats online to one another. This bullying occurs via email, text messaging, posts to blogs, and Web sites. Though the use of sexual remarks and threats are sometimes present in cyber-bullying, it is not the same as sexual harassment and does not necessarily involve sexual predators.  Cyber-bullying vs. cyber-stalking
The practice of cyberbullying is not limited to children and, while the behavior is identified by the same definition in adults, the distinction in age groups is referred to as cyberstalking or cyberharassment when perpetrated by adults toward adults, sometimes directed on the basis of sex. Common tactics used by cyberstalkers are to vandalize a search engine or encyclopedia, to threaten a...