Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata RamanC. V. Raman was born at Tiruchirapalli in South India on November 7th, 1888. Raman entered Presidency College, Madras, in 1902, and in 1904 passed his B.A. examination, winning the first place and the gold medal in physics; in 1907 he gained his M.A. degree, obtaining the highest distinction. Raman spent 15 years as a Professor in Physics at Calcutta University (1917-32), and 15 years as a Professor in Physics at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (1933-48). In 1948, Raman became the Director of the Raman Institute of Research at Bangalore, established and endowed by himself. On February 28, 1930, Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman discovered the radiation effect involving the inelastic scattering of light that would bear his name- the Raman effect - and which would win him Asia's first Nobel Prize in any Science subject, in 1930. Raman's research interests were in optics and acoustics - the two fields of investigation to which he dedicated his entire career. The main investigations carried out by Raman were: his experimental and theoretical studies on the diffraction of light by acoustic waves of ultrasonic and hypersonic frequencies (published 1934-1942), and those on the effects produced by X-rays on infrared vibrations in crystals exposed to ordinary light. Raman was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society early in his career (1924), and was knighted in 1929. Besides, Raman was honoured with a large number of honorary doctorates and memberships of scientific societies. C. V. Raman passed away in 1970. | | | |
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Prof. S. Chandrasekhar (1910-1995) Find more ... | | Prof. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar
Born in Lahore, India, in 1910, theoretical astrophysicist Chandrasekhar was elected to the National Acadamy of Sciences (USA) only two years after he became a US citizen in 1953. Chandrasekhar was noted for his work in the field of stellar evolution, and in the early 1930s he was the first to theorize that a...