Ethics and moral obligation are something that we all encounter at one time or another. Even in a professional setting, all persons should act in a manner that would uphold the good of society. Why is it that good, ethical and moral behavior is not always adhered to? Is it because some people do not understand ethics and what it means to be ethical? To be ethical, one has to decide between right and wrong, determine what is for the betterment of society and act accordingly. Ethics have three basic criteria that must be met obligations, moral ideas, and consequences (Ruggiero, 2004). Businesses have their own code of ethics and the individuals within that business have to determine whether or not they will follow that code of ethics. Ethical behavior in business is consistent with the principles, norms, and standards of business practice that have been agreed upon by society (Trevino & Nelson, 2004). At times, however, an individual decides to go against the code of ethical behavior for personal gain. This was just the case in the article researched by Team A. The basis of the conflict.
In the article 2 Free care for UConn official (Knight Ridder Tribune Business News, April 4, 2005), the University of Connecticut Athletic Director, Jeff Hathaway, and his wife each received free cars from a local dealership that does business with the athletic department of the university. The athletic director and his wife were provide the use of the two new cars in exchange for Hathaway's participation in an "advertising campaign" of television and print ads for Monaco, as well as his services as a consultant to the sales and marketing staff. Hathaway and his wife were to receive "unrestricted use" of a Ford 500 and a Ford Freestar minivan for "certain endorsements, marketing advice, and public speaking/motivational sales advice to Monaco Ford Company and its employees. Under a corporate sponsorship agreement the Monaco Ford Company donated $25,000 a year and the use of three "courtesy cars" for Hathaway's staff, in exchange for season tickets to basketball, football and soccer games; reserved parking on campus; and advertising recognition in game programs. According to the University Of Connecticut policy and the National Collegiate Athletic Associate athletic department officials are allowed to supplement their salaries through outside contracts. But the rules state that the compensation should come from "bona fide" outside employment, in which the officials are "performing services". Public officials are barred for accepting gifts for entities doing business with their agency. Raymond Green, the commission's former interim executive director, stated to Mr. Hathaway that "Your contract with Monaco Ford raises concerns under state ethics laws". Those laws prohibit state employees from deriving private gain by virtue of their public office, or from accepting outside compensation that could impair their independence of judgment on the job. Hathaway's contract also appeared to violate UConn's own ethics policy, which prohibits employees from accepting compensation from any company that holds a contract or agreement with the university. Monaco Ford has been a longstanding sponsor of UConn athletics. Ground rules.
What are the ground rules for Mr. Hathaway? Ground rules are based the ethical decision-making process and include moral awareness, moral judgment, and ethical behaviors (Trevino & Nelson, 2004). Mr. Hathaway has a responsibility to uphold state ethics laws and the universities own policies. Was Mr. Hathaway aware of the fact that he was committing an act against both sets of laws? Did he feel that accepting the cars and other gifts were acceptable? Mr. Hathaway had been a long time employee with the University of Connecticut athletic department. When interviewed, Mr. Hathaway acknowledged that he has not performed any endorsement services for the car...