Cultural Globalization

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Yasmin Arianna John
GLDP 525X-Globalization, Peace and Conflict
Dr. R.Riggs
Research Paper

Cultural Globalization: An Adversary or Advocate for Women’s Rights in Developing Countries

Introduction

Globalization has created a huge impact on the lives of women in developing nations whether it was negative or positive. The word Globalization is defined as “ a complex economic, political, cultural, and geographic process in which mobility of capital, organization, ideas, discourse and peoples has taken a global or transnational form”[1]. The establishment of international free trade policies, such as North American Free Trade and GATT, transnational corporations are using the profit motive to guide their companies towards developing nations in search of inexpensive female labor. Companies prefer female labors because they are considered weaker in the physical sense and are able to do anything in order to have a job. Companies prefer female labor over male labor because women are considered to be compliant workers. In most developing nations, certain types of work, such as garment assembly is widely popular due to most developed nations such as United States needing other people to do the work usually opt for developing nations to do that for them. The work of garment assembly is considered to be an extension of female household roles. Therefore, cultural influences in developing nations also impacts employment stratification which eventually leads to high demand of employment for women in developing nations. Even though there is high rate of employment for females in developing nations. Has globalization really work for females? Some can argue that globalization has given females their independence but has it really free them. Cultural globalization can be viewed as the stepping stone for protecting women’s rights in developing nations. As defined by many scholars, cultural globalization is the rapid movement of ideas, attitudes, and values across national borders. This paper is organized as follows; the first section shows how female labor and cultural globalization affect women in developing nations. The second section discusses the effects of cultural globalization and the Brain Drain for women in developing nations. The third section shows how cultural globalization and religion influence women in Christian and Islamic developing nations. The countries that will be focused on is Christianity in Botswana and Islam in Guyana. The final section will answer the research question, is cultural globalization a adversary or advocate for women in developing nations by drawing conclusions.

Cultural Globalization and Female Labor in Developing Countries

As defined by many scholars, cultural globalization is the rapid movement of ideas, attitudes, and values across national borders. For developing nations, the culture of female employment is identified by Kathryn Ward as formal labor, housework and informal sector production.[2] Truthfully, only a small proportion of women work in export factories. Most females in developing nations work in agriculture which brings in the most money for these females and their families, perform housework which is a job that most females in developing nations are already entitled to and employed in the formal sector. Females in these nations are constantly put down and not able to reach their full potential because of the male dominated governments who are constantly in control who believe that female labor is a just a mere extension of their regular housework that they are already used to. Ward also claims that in order for a capitalist economy to survive the dependence of women labor is extremely important for the home and informal sector[3]. It does not matter what sector women are employed in they still do not have access to the resources that are available to them and authority over their work. The informal sector work according to Ward varies between women in developing...
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