The New Realities
In the past 150 years, America and the world has experienced a paradigm shift in the study of Public Administration, political realities, the government political processes, economy-ecology and the drastic transformation of our knowledge society. The New Realities book is Dr Drucker field guide to the large-scale paradoxes of our time. Dr Drucker hypothesis are a penetrating examination of the central issues, trends, and developments of the coming decades and the problems and opportunities they present to America and the world. He analyzes the new limits and functions of government, the transnational economy and ecology, the paradoxes of development, the post business society, information-based organizations, management as a social function, and the shifting base of knowledge. Most importantly, Dr Drucker analysis does not focus on what to do tomorrow. He focuses on what to do today in contemplation of tomorrows. Dr Drucker is an omnivorous writer with a passionate interest in all fields of politics, business management, economics and political realities. He pushes to extremes some familiar ideas about the end of ideology, the burden of arms and the limits of government. He puzzles us by insisting that no one believes anymore in "salvation by society" (Drucker 1989, p 9) while finding great promise in a pluralism of single-purpose organizations.
In the Divide, Drucker identifies two important periods that have drastically changed our dominant political creed. He mentions that the century has begun in 1776 with the Wealth of Nations' by Adam Smith and that ten years after 1873, the great liberal parties that had marched under the banners of progress' and enlightenment' all over the west were in retreat and disarray ( Drucker 1989, p 4). He said that the European Continent immediately split into Marxist socialist and anti-Semitic socialist that both were equally anti-capitalist, and hostile to free markets and bourgeois democracy' (Drucker 1989, p 5). Drucker says that this paradigm- shift changed our political perspective in the 19 century by letting "Marxist socialist become the single largest party in every major continental European country, in France and Italy, in Germany, Austria, and even though officially suppressed in tsarist Russia"( Drucker 1989, p 6).
In his brilliant analysis, Drucker compares the 1873 period with the end of liberal era in 1973. He says that the 1973 period marked the end of an era in which government was the progressive cause. He points out that it ended an era dominated by the doctrines and politics first formulated in the 1870s, those of liberal democrats or social democrats, of Marxist socialist or national nationalist. He sees all these doctrines rapidly becoming as ineffectual as laissez-faire' liberalism became after 1873 (Drucker 1989, p 8).
Drucker also points out eloquently that no one in this modern period except "a mere handful of Stalinist believes any more in salvation by society-the faith which since the eighteenth century enlightenment had been the dominant force engine of politics" ( Drucker 1989, p 3). He argues that the promise of an everlasting society which achieves both social perfection and individual perfection, a society which establishes the earthy paradise was the driving force ideology of Marxist followers. Durcker say that "it was this belief in salvation by society that gave Marxism its tremendus appeal" (Drucker 1989, p 9). Durcker clearly mentions that this ideology is hard if not impossible to achieve. "No one except a small handful of superannuated party hacks were surprised by Gorbachev's ideology of power; everybody else-and especially in the communist countries had much earlier lost all faith in salvation by society" (Drucker 1989, p 9). Drucker truly considers that the believe in salvation by society' which is the idea to "create a perfect society or even to bring society...