Topics: Sociology, Criminology, Anomie Pages: 2 (516 words) Published: December 21, 2012
Explain the socioeconomic structure of American society.
One of the most significant problems in the world now is that of economic inequality, and the social problems it produces. And the most damaging impact may be in developed nations such as the U.S. and Canada. The U.S. in particular has the greatest gap in wealth among all developed nations, and the problem it is causing is becoming more apparent with each passing day. During the recession in the U.S., at least 6 million people have lost their jobs; 25 million are underemployed. Eight trillion dollars of middle class wealth has been destroyed in the housing collapse. One out of eight mortgage holders owe more money on their home than it is worth. Fifty million people live at the poverty level. One of out of 8 people is on food stamps. One out of 2 children will be on food stamps at some point in their lives. What is anomie, and what are the conditions that cause anomie? Anomie is simply defined as a state where norms (expectations on behaviors) are confused, unclear or not present. It is normlessness; Durkheim felt that it led to deviant behavior. The conditions that cause anomie are very simple. It is the breakdown of social norms and its conditions where norms no longer control society. If people cannot find their place in society without clear rules to guide them this leads to a life of deviance and conflict. Describe the relationship between socialization and crime. What are the prominent elements of socialization that contribute to a criminal career? Socialization definitely plays a significant role when it comes to crime. Even though that is so, social class alone cannot explain crime rates. Socialization is basically when a person acquires an identity and learns the norms, values, and behaviors appropriate to their social standing. This will often affect crime. There are many aspects that need to be taken into consideration when describing the relationship between crime and socialization. Family...
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