Criminal Justice Trends
June 9, 2013
The criminal justice system has three components, which are law enforcement, courts, and corrections. Each of them plays a major role in the criminal justice system. The United States has the most documented incarceration rate in the world. By the end of 2009, 743 adults per 100,000 populations, which is incarcerated. Crime has decreased since 1993, but there is still an increase on the incarceration rate in the United States. The correctional population has doubled because of the sentencing guidelines and the drug has sent many Americans to prison. In 2008, 7.3 million people were on probation, jail or prison, or on parole. Criminal Justice Trends
In the criminal justice system there are many trends. Many of the issues and controversy of the corrections part of the criminal justice has been accumulated over centuries. People will learn and comprehend that the criminal justice is improving and developing different ways to keep improving. In this paper an evaluation will be conducted on the past, present, and the futures of corrections. It will also mention the budgetary and managerial, in which the future trends will likely have not only on corrections but also on the criminal justice system as a whole. It will include the ways the corrections system is developing within different trends as well.
In 1870, leaders in American corrections, met with people from Cincinnati, Ohio, first developed principles stating the beliefs and values underlying the practice of his or her profession (Nolin, 2005). The National Prison Association was founded as a result of this meeting (American Correctional, 2001). This organization evolved into the American Correctional Association. As member corrections the role is to assist in the prevention and control of delinquency and crime, but this also depends on the prevention of criminal and delinquent behavior and the constructive qualities of society and its basic entities: family, community, school, religion, and government (American Correctional, 2001). In the past many of the conditions of the corrections facilities were very inhumane. Many of the inmates were left to starve, and the trends of punishment were physical. Many of the prisoners were hanged, beheaded, tortured, or even mutilated. In England these kinds of punishment was taken place, and this had an effect on the American predecessors at the time. One of the past trends for corrections was solitary confinement, in which there was little concern for rehabilitation for any of the inmates. The inmate’s well-being was not the greatest concern in the past. Many people wanted the criminals to be punished for his or her crime that were committed. It was the societal views on the criminal behaviors and crimes that shaped the structuring of the stricter sentencing over rehabilitation.
In the past one-hundred years, technology in policing, communication, and other disciplines have experienced many numerous advances. In the early years of correction facilities, prisons, and jails were made out of bricks, mortar, and steel. They called these cell-blocks or cell houses. The earliest technology trend found in these facilities were the hand operated locks and keys, hard-wire radios or communication devices, lethal weapons, non-lethal weapons or compliance tools, and transportation. There were people designing and implementing new technologies for the prisons and jails, which gave the law enforcement the upper hand in correctional management. All the technologies were embraced by the corrections field, and they have had great success from the instillations.
In corrections today probation is an alternative to incarceration, in which in some cases could be combined with being incarcerated and a period of obtaining community supervision. Focusing on parole and probation this will be more effective for prisons and jails and also for the serious...
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