April 4, 2013
Criminal Justice System
According to the Criminal Justice Interactive on the student website, crime is defined as the conduct in violation of the criminal law of the state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction, for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse. In other words, crime is a forbidden act in which a punishment is attached. Law can be defined as rules and regulations that put in place for all of society to follow. The relationship between crime and law is without strict reinforcement of the law crime cannot be prevented. The two most common models of how society determines which acts are criminal are Due Process and Crime Control. Due process includes individualization, quality, formality, and courts. Individualization refers to legal procedures that make it make difficult to arrest, prosecute, or sentence a person to ensure that the individual's rights are fully protected at each step. Quality means that each case should be handled with careful attention to detail to reduce the risk that innocent parties will be caught up in inappropriate proceedings. Formality is precise and stringent procedures help ensure that error or prejudice is reduced, thus protecting citizens from bias or mistakes. Lastly, courts are the rules and processes of the court system protect individuals' rights, screen out flawed cases, and result in convictions of only guilty parties. Crime control involves standardization, quantity, informality, and the police. Standardization allows efficient processing of as many crimes and criminals as possible. Quantity involves making many arrests and moving many cases to trial. Informality is a procedure that provides a means of an officer to protect citizens. The police can be effective arbitrators of justice. The framework of the criminal justice system works with legislative, judicial, and other government branches of government to process...