CRIME PREVENTION CONCEPTS AND THEORY, SUCH AS CRIME PREVENTION THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN (CPTED) AND OTHER SUCH PREVENTATIVE PROGRAMS.
First to start developing the item on the prevention of crime we must have the concept that is a crime. The crime can be defined as the action consisting of acting or doing, is a positive, which implies that the person or agent performs one or more body movements and commits the violation of the law by itself, or by instruments, mechanisms or persons. We can also define the action as characteristic unlawful and guilty. For the commission of the crime must exist: Will: The will, by the active subject of the offense. It is the intention itself. Activity: This is the do or act. It is the positive or human body movement designed to produce the act. Result: The result of the conduct, the goal desired by the agent and under criminal law. Causation: It is the ligament or nexus to the conduct with the result, which must be material. That link is what binds to the cause and effect, without which the latter can not attribute the cause. Subject Active, is the natural person who commits the crime, also called, delinquent or criminal agent. It will always be a natural person, irrespective of gender, age, (The minority gives rise to criminal responsibility), nationality and other characteristics. Each type (legal description of a crime) highlights the special qualities or characteristics required to be active subject. Subject Passive, is the person or entity who is responsible the damage or danger caused by the conduct by the offender. It is also called the victim or offended, in which case a legal person may be passive person of a crime (against property and the nation). Strictly the victim's who indirectly recent crime: Ex;. Relatives of the deceased. There are various opinions concerning the prevention of crime and its concept such as Canada, Mexico, Brazil, France, Panama, Germany and Spain, contributing their own ideas to the topic. Such is the case of the United Nations, regularly convened world congresses precisely on crime prevention and offender treatment, due to the increase of torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of people disappearing and the whole range of violations criminal human rights have forced the UN to deal with this type of crime, called unconventional situation which has not yet been solved. In this sense, Canadian researchers report that is a set of measures that prevent only the emergence of crime as a means of social intervention aimed at controlling the loss of labor force or set of actions of the police to prevent certain people from becoming on victims. On the other Mexican specialists order to also address issues relating to prevention-oriented policy on the victim, put in evidence protective measures and precautions defensive potential targets could take to make the crime more difficult and less profitable . Edgar Moura, Brazil argues that society has more hatred for the criminal than pity for the victim and this sentence reflects the drama of the victim, the most overlooked of criminal sciences. According to a group of French researchers, it should be noted that prevention is often associated with a weakening of repression, even to a dangerous illusion, this is because the content and limits of the approach have been clearly defined, in addition to the crime problem in all societies could be addressed through prevention. According to the criterion of Panamanian specialists, strategies for preventing and combating crime, whatever its manifestations, must be integrated into the national development plan and in turn the gender of countries and regions is the condition of the structural framework forms that present crime. In Germany, discusses the responsibility and concludes that it is a matter for the police or the...
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