Crg -Major Ethical Theories

Topics: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Morality Pages: 3 (402 words) Published: December 6, 2012
Major Ethical Theories

• Utilitarianism

• Deontological Ethics

• Justice & Fairness

• Virtue Ethics

Utilitarianism

➢ Study ethical behavior in terms of the result or consequences of ethical decisions

➢ Evaluate decisions whether good or bad in term of impact of the decisions

➢ Decision maker must take broad perceptive concerning who, in society, might be affected by the decision

Weaknesses in Utilitarianism

❖ The distribution and intensity of happiness

❖ Measurement problem

❖ Ignores motivation and focus only on consequences

Deontological Ethics

• Evaluate behavior based on the motivation of the decision maker

• Action can be ethically correct if it does not produce a net balance of good over evil for the decision maker or for society as a whole

Weaknesses in Deontology

• Does not provide clear guidelines for deciding what is right and wrong when two or moral laws conflict and only one can be followed

Justice & Fairness

• Procedural justice concerns how justice is administered.

• Everyone is treated equally before the law and that rules are impartially applied

• There are 3 main criteria: need, arithmetic and merit

Weaknesses

▪ One problem with justice is that the allocations may not be fair

Virtue Ethics

➢ Focus on moral character of the decision maker than impact of the decisions or the motivation of the decision maker.

➢ Virtue ethics takes a broader view recognizing that the decision maker has a variety of character traits

Weaknesses

• Not compromising on core value even when there is strong pressure to do so.

Ethics case

The iphone was launched in June 2007 at a price $599 per unit. Two month later, the price was dropped to $399. Steve Jobs received hundreds of email from irate customers. Two days later he offer...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about Three Major Ethical Theories
  • Essay about Ethical Theories
  • Ethical Theories Essay
  • Ethical Theories Essay
  • Essay on Ethical Theories
  • Ethical Theories Essay
  • Ethical Theories Research Paper
  • Ethical Theories Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free