October 22, 2012
World Civ. 1110-01
Country Comparison Essay
Located in Northwest Europe, England, also known as Great Britain, is one of the most industrialized countries in the world. Although England is one of the most successful countries, it is also one of the smallest in land size. Only containing around 50,362 square miles, England is about the size of Alabama. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a queen and a parliament that has two houses. For many centuries, the basic unit of English local government was the county or shire, and these remained largely unchanged from the 900s to 1974. The chief official of the shire was the shire reeve or sheriff. When the English immigrated to America, they brought the county system with them. Most of English history took place before science and technology gave us the revolutions in agricultural and industrial production that created the modern world. Throughout the period to 1688, agriculture was extremely bad. The vast majority of the population was involved in food production, and very little surplus was produced. Even minor climatic declines led to famine. As a consequence, populations were very low. The population of England and Wales did not exceed ten million until after the Industrial Revolution. England may be one of the smallest countries but with great power and triumph over the centuries, it has proven to be one of the most culturally influenced areas as well as strong. As part of the United Kingdom, the basic political system in England is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary system. There has not been a Government of England since 1707, when the Acts of Union 1707, putting into effect the terms of the Treaty of Union, joined England and Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. Before the union England was ruled by its monarch and the Parliament of England.(Roberts) Today England is governed directly by the Parliament...
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