2. Definition (According to)
a. Transparency International
b. World Bank and Asian Development Bank
c. In the Context of Pakistan
3. Types of Corruption
d. Petty Corruption
e. Grand Corruption
f. Political Corruption
4. Corruption in Islamic teaching
5. Quaid-i-Azam on corruption
6. Causes of corruption
g. Political Instability
h. Law and Order Condition
j. Lack of education
k. Poor governance
l. Moral Culture
7. Report about Corruption in Pakistan
m. Transparency International Report
8. Remedies or Solution
o. Equal Distribution Of National Resources
p. Free Media
q. Effectiveness and Efficiency
s. Cheap and Quick Justice
The menace of corruption has links to a multitude of vices. Its roots are linked to injustice, mistrust, suspicion, extremism and terrorist activities. It creates a sense of insecurity, exacerbates poverty and adds to the misfortune of the vulnerable segments of the society. It also instills a sense of hopelessness and despondency and threatens the strength of good values which have been established over centuries of civilized struggle.
The word “Corruption” has its origin in a Latin verb “corrupts” meaning “to break”. Literally, it means “a broken object”. In simple words, corruption means “the misuse of entrusted power for private benefit.” Conceptually, corruption is a form of behavior which departs from ethics, morality, tradition, law and civic virtue.
The term corruption has various definitions. The United Nations, Transparency International, and the multilateral financial institutions like the World Bank and Asian Development Bank define corruption as, “abuse of public office for private gains”
In the Context of Pakistan
“They want, we give – I want, I get”
Types of Corruption
* Petty Corruption
The petty corruption is usually linked with the lower salary employees and usually refers to the small-scale corrupt practices. This include “grease money” for example paying customs officials a small bribe to get goods cleared quicker or paying police officers to avoid fines, punishment or imprisonment.
* Grand Corruption
The grand corruption is associated with the high level bureaucracy. The greed and lust for power is the main factors behind this kind of corruption.
* Political corruption
Political corruption as name indicates is related to the politician. They usually involve in this type corruption in order to maintain their status quo. The corruption varies in the rate of presence; therefore, in this regard the incidence of corruption may be rare, widespread or systemic. The rare corruption is easy to identify and control than widespread.
Corruption in Islamic teaching
Islam provides complete code of life. It is replete with moral standards, ethics, values and norms of behavior which facilitates the Muslims to run the daily affairs of personal, professional and business life in more disciplined way. Islam condemns the corruption in its every form i.e. bribery, unlawful hoarding and earning, embezzlement. Islam lays great importance on the lawful earning. Hazart Muhammad said in this context;
“Earning of lawful livelihood is a duty only next to importance to the duty (of prayers)”
Quaid-i-Azam on corruption
Quaid-i-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the staunch opponent of the corruption. In this regard, he said that;
“One of the biggest curses is the bribery and corruption. That’s really is a poison, we must put it down with iron hand.”
Causes of Corruption in Pakistan
1. Political Instability In Pakistan
Political instability is a situation when the uncertainty among the government structure expand due to some basic...