Corruption in Africa

Topics: Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa Pages: 7 (2482 words) Published: November 10, 2010
What measures should be taken to prevent corruption on the most corrupt continent of the world? Of the world's most deceitful countries, Africa, with its underdeveloped growth and poverty in many regions, is considered the most corrupt. The two thirds of countries, that are measured most corrupt in the world, are located in sub-Saharan Africa. Millions of Africans today live below the poverty line because of the disease of corruption. The African continent will not be able to find a solution to corruption on condition that both government officials in the private and public sectors are dishonest. Due to the fact that Africa is the most corrupt continent on earth, the governments of African countries should properly fix this problematic situation by thoroughly preparing future generations and creating strong anti-corruption committees. Corruption is a painful problem that damages the efficiency of all public and governmental institutions in many African countries. According to Mbaku (2007), experts have long cited corruption as one of the most important factors affecting political participation in Africa (para. 2). For example, in Kenya people must bribe receptionists to get hospital appointments, bribe all sorts of powerful people to get permits to build a place in the country on public land, bribe neighbours to not appeal it to higher corrupt officials, bribe policemen to allow taxis to travel, bribe to get a job interview and so one. Furthermore, it is easy to bribe a license to be a charity organization, which had no responsible but could claim a share of foreign aid funds. Charities with unclear addresses, that do not exist, get money from funds through the government from foreign aid. This is considered fraud in the largest of its appearance, which still exists in Africa and modify the economy of Africa to the deep bottom. In addition, some people consider that this problem was caused by post-colonial governments. Naturally, the entire population of Africa is suffering from it, including its economic situation. This means that education should be provided by agencies that have the money, and take the power to avoid corruption, which means using force to protect themselves. Governance problems in Africa are very difficult, they are partly cultural, but what is clear is that aid which is aimed to government is likely to being got to corrupt governmental officials. On the other hand, in Africa, corruption can have very disastrous consequences in the literal sense of the word. The shutting down of some social institutions, the incompleteness of the transport infrastructure, unfinished schools, hospitals, libraries, all these problems and mainly some of them are catastrophic are caused by embezzlement, mismanagement and mishandling of public funds and the funds received from donors. The deterioration and shortage of infrastructure and social services have been getting worse and worse. The failure of public funds to corruption explains unavoidably a lack of good transport infrastructure, a lack of medical drugs in rural hospitals, a lack of education for millions of African children, a lack of clean drinking water and electricity for all population of Africa. All these actions lead to millions of unnecessary deaths annually. Therefore, the government should immediately solve this problem in order to avoid high mortality of African people. Fortunately, in some countries the situation is improving. So, according to UN Economic Commission for Africa (2005), Africa in 2005 was noticed by significant and considerable increases in some African countries, precisely Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa and Swaziland (para. 3). These results reflect the progress of the efforts against corruption in Africa, and are evidence that honest political will, actions and suitable reforms can lead to a reduction of corruption in state structures.

The first solution of the problem of corruption can be attained if governments implement...
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