Corporate Debt Restructuring

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Corporate Debt Restructuring
Ashish Makhija B.Com (Hons.), LL.B., AICWA, MICA, FCA
17/05/2008 1

Meaning of Corporate Debt Restructuring (CDR)
• A method
• • • • used by companies with outstanding debt obligations to alter the terms of the debt agreements in order to achieve some advantage

Companies use debt restructuring to avoid default on existing debt or to take advantage of a lower interest rate. 17/05/2008 2

Methods of CDR
The existing debt is called and then replaced with new debt at a lower interest rate Companies can also restructure their debt by altering the terms and provisions of the existing debt issue 17/05/2008 3

Objectives of CDR
• To support continuing economic recovery • Enabling viable debtors to continue business operations • Promoting fair and equitable debt repayment to creditors

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Objectives of CDR
• Revival of viable Corporates (genuine cases) • Ensuring safety of money lent by Banks & FI’s

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RBI Guidelines on CDR
• Corporate Debt Restructuring System was evolved for the first time in 2001 • Working Group was setup in 2003 • Guidelines for CDR revised in February, 2003 17/05/2008 6

RBI Guidelines on CDR
• CDR system in the country has a three tier structure • CDR Standing Forum and its Core Group • CDR Empowered Group • CDR Cell

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RBI Guidelines on CDR
• CDR Standing Forum
• Representative general body of all financial institutions and banks participating in CDR system • To lay down policies and guidelines • To monitor the progress of corporate debt restructuring

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RBI Guidelines on CDR
• CDR Empowered Group
• To decide individual cases of corporate debt restructuring • Consisting of ED level representatives of IDBI, ICICI Bank Ltd. and SBI as standing members, in addition to ED level representatives of financial institutions and banks who have an exposure to the concerned company 17/05/2008 9

RBI Guidelines on CDR
• CDR Cell
• To make the initial scrutiny of the proposals received from borrowers / lenders • If found feasible, the CDR Cell will proceed to prepare detailed Rehabilitation Plan with the help of lenders and, if necessary, experts to be engaged from outside • If not found prima facie feasible, the lenders may start action for recovery of their dues 17/05/2008 10

RBI Guidelines on CDR
• CDR is a non-statutory mechanism based on Debtor-Creditor Agreement (DCA) and InterCreditor Agreement (ICA) • Agreement by 75% of creditors in value • No CDR for wilful defaulters, fraud or misfeasance cases 17/05/2008 11

RBI Guidelines on CDR
• CDR does not apply to accounts involving only one financial institution or one bank • The CDR mechanism will cover only multiple banking accounts / syndication / consortium accounts with outstanding exposure of Rs.20 crore and above by banks and institutions 17/05/2008 12

RBI Guidelines on CDR
• Category 1 – Accounts classified as Standard and sub-standard • Category 2 – Accounts classified as doubtful

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RBI Guidelines on CDR
• Disclosure Balance Sheets, under "Notes on Accounts", the following information in respect of corporate debt restructuring undertaken during the year: • Total amount of loan assets subjected to restructuring under CDR. • The amount of standard assets subjected to CDR. • The amount of sub-standard assets subjected to CDR. • The amount of doubtful assets subjected to CDR

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Proposed RBI Guidelines on CDR
• Extension of scheme to corporate entities on whom banks and institutions have an outstanding exposure of Rs.10 crore or more • Requirement of support of 60% of creditors by number in addition to the support of 75% of creditors by value with a view to make the decision making process more equitable 17/05/2008 15

Proposed RBI Guidelines on CDR
• Linking the restoration of asset classification prevailing on the date of reference to CDR Cell to implementation of...
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