The fighting in World War I ended in western Europe when the Armistice took effect at 11:00 am GMT on November 11, 1918, and in eastern Europe by the early 1920s. During and in the aftermath of the war the political, cultural, and social order was drastically changed in Europe, Asia and Africa, even outside the areas directly involved in the war. New countries were formed, old ones were abolished, international organizations were established, and many new and old ideologies took a firm hold in people's minds. Nearly 10 million soldiers died and up to 21 million were wounded, U.S death totaled to 116,516. Most of the arabic land that had been part of the Ottoman Empire were now run by the British or French.Germany was required to pay reparations eventually set at $33 billion and also to take responsibilty for the war not all germans agreed with this though.World War I killed more people--9 million combatants and 5 million civilians, the war costed more that $186 billion in direct costs and another $151 billion in indirect cost.Politically, it resulted in the downfall of four empires and contributed to the Bolshevik rise to power in Russia in 1917 and the triumph of fascism in Italy in 1922. The war allowed the United States to become the world's leading creditor and industrial power. Its consequences included the mass murder of Armenians in Turkey and an influenza epidemic that killed over 25 million people worldwide.