Conflict and Resolution

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International Conflict Resolution:

The Role of International Community

Professor IJI Tetsuro

JUNG

Due-date: January 28th – January 30th
What roles can the international community play in terminating violent conflicts in today’s world? Please discuss various approaches to the prevention, management and resolution of such conflicts, focusing on what kinds of opportunities and problems external actors might encounter in their interventions. Also where appropriate, it would be helpful to illustrate your discussion of actual conflicts of your choice.

Introduction
International community is an international relation that applies to all governments, culture, and people. It is a phrase to imply liabilities and responsibilities among governments, civilians, cultures, etc. In order to keep, build, and make these duties, there are few organizations such as United Nations, Non-Governmental Organization, Inter-Governmental Organization, NATO, APEC, ASEAN, and so on. Most of these organizations are related to economic areas in communal society’s common duties. From these organizations, United Nations is most related organization to violent conflicts in today’s world which is called UNPKO (United Nations Peace-Keeping Organization). United Nations’ job is to cooperate in many areas between countries and to cooperate for achievement of world peace. Basically, UN takes a big part of possession to prevent, manage, and resolve world’s conflicts in international community. Also, United States had been a part of effect for conflict resolutions. Thus, global parties are giving lots of effort in order to resolve an escalation toward war. They also try to hold many meetings and conferences to discuss world’s conflicts and contradictions. In the history, not only there were lot of successful actions, but also there were lot of failure to keep, make, and build peace. United Nations and international community are going through many difficulties to resolve such problems easily because it is tough to make right decisions in conflicts. Also it is difficult because the word ‘ethics’, which applies to conflict, does not have one answer. Even if there is one right answer, it is hard to fit all the opinions or votes among international community. Even in current world, it is still difficult for global units to step into the conflicts for peace. Among these difficult situations, there are two key features that can help global communal associations and organizations to bring peace. The roles that international community can play in terminating violent conflicts in today’s world are communication and intervention.

Communication
Communication might be too broad to be one of the key features to solve conflicts in today’s world. It is not only about conversation, but also about recognition and negotiation. Communication and negotiation can be as if to say ‘weapon’ to terminate violent conflicts. Looking back to history, there were some cases that succeeded by the use of this ‘weapon’ to prevent, manage, terminate, or at least normalize the situation. Nevertheless in most cases, communication and negotiation are not easily done between the actual units related to the conflict. This ‘weapon’ is one of the skills that can be used to de-escalate the issue. One brief example about resolution can be Cold War. This war was held right after World War II ended. It was from 1945 to 1991 and the belligerents were mainly United States and Soviet Union. It was named Cold War because two powerful countries possessed nuclear weapons and threatened each other without any military or physical combat. It began because of disagreement between two governmental policies each country distinctly pursued which were capitalism and communism. After many conflicts between capitalism and communism, United States and USSR agreed on a strategy called mutually assured destruction which simply is an agreement saying it will be unnecessary to make massive destruction...
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