•What are the social and cultural similarities between the Italian and Northern European Renaissance?
•What are the social and cultural differences between the Italian and Northern European Renaissance?
•What are the relationships between the arts and the cultures of the Italian Renaissance and the Northern European Renaissance?
•How are the social and cultural differences reflected in the arts? Use at least two specific artistic examples to illustrate your points.
The word Renaissance means ‘rebirth’. So between the early Renaissance era around 1494 and the Renaissance emerging in Northern Europe through the early 1600’s, there were many ‘rebirths’ between the culture, government, societies, religion and artists.
The main difference in the two eras is the growth of religion in Northern Europe. There was more of a focus on faith. Artists and writers displayed many examples of the sin of the flesh, especially showing how pleasure is short lived. Many of the artists used their paintings or triptych alterpieces to “talk” to followers about Jesus, Mary, sin, angels and messages from God. One of the more prominent displays is the triptych alterpiece ‘Garden of Earthly Delights’ by Hieronymus Bosch (1450 or 1453-1516). It shows creation, as well as hell. But in the middle panel, it displays “pleasures” of the flesh. The creation panel shows the creation of Eve, her presentation to Adam, the Tree of Knowledge and of course the fall into sin. The hell panel shows demons, a burning city, dogs killing a knight and musical instruments that are being used as weapons. The pleasure panel has views of people cavorting in full view of others, other lovers trying to lure innocent people into their “world” and images of rotting fruit. The focus during the early Renaissance era was studying nature and doing it as a form of worship, as a divine or spiritual love. This...