James Sweeney 9E-
In this project I will be comparing and contrasting and LEDC and MEDC of my choice and critically evaluate each country, it’s resources, wealth and other demographic indicators and then showing examples of a demographic transition models (DTM’s) and population pyramid for each country. The two countries I am going to study are; The UK (MEDC) and Ethiopia (LEDC).
How do we define a MEDC from a LEDC?
An MEDC is an abbreviation for a More Economically Developed Country for example the UK, Canada, Germany and many more. An LEDC is the abbreviation for a Less Economically Developed Country. They are categorised as either an MEDC or LEDC because of many different reasons:
1) Income per capita; Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
2) Industrialisation; countries in which the tertiary and quaternary sectors of industry dominate would thus be described as developed. (whereas countries with high agriculture tend to be less developed).
3) More recently another measure, the Human Development Index (HDI), which combines an economic measure, national income, with other measures, indices for life expectancy and education has become prominent
• It is said that the majority of MEDC’s are north of the equator, with quite a few exceptions, so this is where a ‘Rich North’ and’ Poor South’ dividing line on the world map was introduced, with the blue representing the MEDC’s and red the LEDC’s. One of the keys to an MEDC’s development is a moderate climate, thus allowing natural resources to be exploited effectively which is suitable for agriculture.
The United Kingdom:
The United Kingdom occupies the major part of the British Isles and includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern, one-sixth of the island of Ireland and some smaller surrounding islands. It lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea with the south-east coast in close proximity to northern France, from which it is separated by the English Channel[update]. The Royal Greenwich Observatory in London is the defining point of the Prime Meridian. The United Kingdom lies between latitudes 49°to 61° N, and longitudes 9° W to 2° E and the total area which the United Kingdom covers is approximately 243,610 square kilometres.
On a world map: The UK is found north of the equator in the ‘Rich North’ as pointed to on the map above, situated in the continent, Europe.
Ethiopia officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the ‘Horn of Africa’. It is the second-most populous nation in Africa, with over 82 million inhabitants and the tenth-largest by area, occupying 1,100,000 km2. Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. With its capital at Addis Ababa, it is also the most populous landlocked nation in the world. At 435,071 square miles (1,126,829 km2), Ethiopia is the world's 27th-largest country. It is comparable in size to Bolivia lying between latitudes 3° and 15°N, and longitudes 33° and 48°E.
On a world map: Ethiopia is found south of the equator in the ‘Poor South’ as pointed to on the map above, situated in the continent, Africa
Food in the UK is extremely easy to come by so much so that every year the UK throws away 18 million tonnes of edible food, this food ends up on landfills sites, where it decomposes. ‘Fast food’ which is essentially relatively cheap, high in fat and salt, food that takes a matter of seconds to prepare and is cooked for you while you wait, and hence the name, ‘Fast food’. It is a common trend in a MEDC that the people become overweight which leads to heart problems and weight related issues such as...