Compare Harold MacMillan, Nelson Mandela and Hendrik Verwoed's interpretations of Apartheid. What course of action does Mandela advise against Apartheid?
In MacMillan speech, the wind of change, he states that the Apartheid policy that the South African government had pursued was dangerous, threatening and would only cause bloodshed (MacMillan, 1972: 486). He also stated that the South African government would not last for ever; the end was unpredictable and went against the wind of change (MacMillan, 1972: 486). Verwoerd argued that Apartheid was a dominating regime. It was for the Afrikaners to assert their authority and he interpreted it as segregation which allowed separate races to develop their own nationalism and self determination (Verwoerd, 1966: 337). Verwoerd was for Apartheid and believed it was for the best for South Africa. Mandela was against the South African Government at that time and did not approve of the Apartheid system. He felt strongly about what was happening in South Africa and was will to do anything in his power to fight for freedom. He responded to this segregation based on racism, in a way that he explained it as how the people felt about the country, making the people no longer feel South African. Mandela at that time was a strong supporter of Ghandhi and therefore he showed political resistance through non violent methods, however later on he eventually started to use violent methods when previous forms did not succeed (Mandela, 1991: 116). Mandela helped create Umkhonto we Sizwe, meaning spear of the nation, which is the course of action they took to go against Apartheid (Mandela, 1991: 116). It was linked to the African National Congress. Umkhonto we Sizwe was a non violence organization however when the government started to use violence, Umkhonto we Sizwe had no other option but to reply with Violence (Mandela, 1991: 117). The people of Umkhonto we Sizwe were defined as terrorists; however they were merely freedom...
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