Dr. Matt Hinojosa
23 April 2013
How Theme, Characterization, Point of View and Setting
Build Up and Rip Apart Hearts
Throughout James Joyce’s and F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Short Stories
Love, money, greed and mistakes: All hit throughout the tournament we play called life. Theme and Characterization are fairly similar in Joyce’s short story, “Araby”, and Fitzgerald’s short story, “Winter Dreams”, while point of view and setting differ throughout these short stories. I will be using two articles to support my compare and contrast essay proving Fitzgerald’s “Winter Dreams” the better short story of the two. Both of these short stories are based on a boy going out of his way to impress their crush before being crushed, left lonely and realizing their stupidity in the end. The elements of fiction, theme, character, point of view and setting are all displayed throughout F. Scott Fitzgerald’s “Winter Dreams better than James Joyce’s “Araby” to push along the short stories.
James Joyce’s short story, “Araby”, is a fairly short and simple piece. The narrator in this short story is an unnamed boy who has a crush on the neighbor girl who is referred to as “Mangan’s sister”. The narrator waits for her every morning to get a chance to see her and speak a few short words to her. One day the boy asks her if she is going to Araby, a Dublin bizarre. Sadly she cannot go due to a retreat she must attend. The boy offers to get her something from it since she will miss out. He tells his uncle he needs money for transportation but by the time his uncle gives him money it is too late. He still rushes to the bizarre to find everything gone and empty.
In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s “Winter Dreams”, Dexter Green falls in love with the gorgeous Judy Jones strictly on her looks. As Dexter is caddying at a golf course he sees Judy and decided to quit his caddy job to start a laundry business. He does this to greater his income because he knows the only way to win over Judy is with money. Judy then realizes Dexter has money and kisses him. After some time together Dexter realizes she will never return the feeling he has for her. He leaves her and gets engaged to another girl, Irene. Judy then steps in and asks Dexter to marry her ruining Dexter and Irene’s relationship. After all this Dexter moves to New York and leaves all this behind including Judy. Dexter joins the army during world war one and after seven years pass by is talking to a friend and finds out Judy is no longer attractive and is now married to an abusive and unfaithful man.
The first article I chose is “An overview of ‘Araby’” written by Greg Barnhisel. This article explains the point of view and inner conflicts with the narrator throughout James Joyce’s short story, “Araby”. It talks about theme throughout the short story and even touches on the epiphany at the end it. This article supports my thoughts greatly with the ideas of theme, characterization, point of view and setting.
The second article I chose to support my essay is, “Oedipus, Narcissus, and the Maternal Thing in Fitzgerald's 'Winter Dreams'” Written by James M. Mellard. Although the title is very odd this critical essay has great evidence of theme, characterization and setting. This critical essay goes in great depth about Fitzgerald’s short story, “Winter Dreams”, and will help me greatly throughout my essay.
A main theme in Joyce’s “Araby” is love or the drive love has on someone. As Barnhisel writes, “the boy's devotion to Mangan's sister clear throughout the story”, we know he truly cares about her (1). Throughout the short story the boy goes out of his way to see Mangan’s sister. His crush is mistaken for love and it makes him venture to the bizarre just to be crushed when the shops are closed. The love displayed for Mangan’s sister by the boy is great throughout the short story until he has an epiphany about how his drive for her brought him nothing but...
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