After looking at the vast antique collection found in the Sir John Soanes’s Museum, London, I was able to identify with 2 objects that I felt had the most interest to me. Found in the Colonnade and Dome room, I will compare and contrast the statue of Apollo Belvedere, a Greek god originally made from bronze and discovered in Rome in the late 15th century. The second is a statue of the Ephesian Diana, an Egyptian sculpture derived of marble. There are a number of statues replicating the pagan goddess, Artemis from Ephesus and can be found dating back to the first and second centuries AD. The one depicted above from the Soane museum dates back to 2nd century AD, and the head turreted crown indicates this.
The Ephesian Diana is said to be one of the most important antiques amongst the vast collection at the Soane Museum. Known as Diana (among the Romans) or Artemis (among the Greeks) she is a female Goddess based on a Greek temple design at Ephesus, where her name is derived. She is known as the goddess of moon and hunt, protector of the woodlands and is the twin sister of Apollo. She is probably best know however, by her status being The Goddess Of Fertility, clearly indicated by the numerous sculptured breasts, that many argue, are in fact bulls testicles. Helping her mother deliver her brother she is also has the reputation of being the mother goddess and is seen to bring aid for all child bearing woman, quite confounding as she herself has permanent virginity.
Apollo Belvedere is a Greek male God, son of Zeus and Leto. He has various symbolic meanings, relating to music, poetry, sun and light but shares similar attributes to his twin, Diana Of Ephesus, that being healing and medicine. Both are seen in mythology to bring Ill health and plague to enemies, and are often depicted in art with a bow and arrow. Apollo is a copy of the bronze original, made by Greek sculpture ‘Leochares’. The original bronze Vatican can be found in the pope’s house in Rome....
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