Comparative Management

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Comparative management
1st chapter

1) What do you mean by comparative management?
Comparative management is the identifying, measuring and interpreting the similarities’ and differences among managers behavior, techniques followed and practices applied as found in various countries .... J.R Terry

Comparative management defined as studying and analysis of management in different environments and the reasonss that enterprises show different result in various countries..... Knootz and Weihrich

The main theme is_
Identify, masseure and interpreate the various countries management procedure.

2) Difference between comparative management and international management.

1) Comparative mgt in a border concept. It deals with overall mgt practices of all countries. International mgt comparing with comparative mgt, It concerts with operation, franchise joint venture in the host counters. 2) comparative mgt does not need of ever of the local condition.

International mgt is must be aware of the local condition. 3) comparative management is not part of international management
It is a part of the comparative management.

3) Nature of comparative management?
1) Advance managerial know how is (strategy) much more important for economic growth and improved productivity. 2) Technical / knowledge are necessary for productivity improvement and fairly easy to transfer between countries. 3) Designing a suitable approach or technique of mgt lessons from other countries are useful 4) The fundamental functions of mgt are basically the same, but the goals and the means followed differ among countries ( believes. altitude customs. values) 5) The skill and knowledge to manage can vary among various countries. 6) The relative influence of each environmental factor varies is significance in each country. 4) Importance of understanding comparative mgt?

1) Assessing the transferability and applicability of mgt know how (It must assured to know how) 2) Identify, describe explain and predict the impact of environmental constraint. 3) Develop prescriptive guideline that can serve as a basis for effective action by mgt of enterprises. 4) Formulate policies for direct foreign investment by MNCs 5) To study cross cultural mgt.

6) To manage international technology transfer.
7) To seek new mgt frontier.
8) To gather experiences from emergency economy.
9) To focused the imargin issues in international management.

Comparative management
2nd chapter
1) What is Environment
2) The environment is something you are very familiar with. It's everything that makes up our surroundings and affects our ability to live on the earth—the air we breathe, the water that covers most of the earth's surface, the plants and animals around us, and much more. 3) In recent years, scientists have been carefully examining the ways that people affect the environment. They have found that we are causing air pollution, deforestation, acid rain, and other problems that are dangerous both to the earth and to ourselves. These days, when you hear people talk about “the environment”, they are often referring to the overall condition of our planet, or how healthy it is.

4) Explain direct- action and indirect action elements of environment?
ELEMENTS OF THE DIRECT ACTION ENVIRONMENT
The direct-action environment is made up of stakeholder’s individuals or groups that are directly or indirectly affected by an organization’s pursuit of its goals. Stakeholders fall into two categories. External stakeholders include such groups as unions, suppliers,competitors, customers, special-interest groups and the board of directors. The roles stakeholders play may change as organizational environments evolve and develop.

EXTERNAL STAKEHOLDERS
1. CUSTOMERS:...
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