Communism in Cuba: Positive or Negative for Its Citizens?

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Communism is a system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people. The idea of communism started in the 19th century by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engals. When communism first started it was an idea of a society based on common ownership of property. That idea eventually turned political and communism turned into a government. There have been communist groups in Cuba since the early 1920’s and it eventually grew into the only political party in the country. Over the years there have been many debates on what is the goal of communism in Cuba. The majority of people believe that communism is an evil political group that doesn’t give the citizens any rights. People that believe in communism think it’s a good government because all the citizens of the country are treaty fairly. In this paper I will debate the views of why some people believe that communism is a good government and also the views of why some people believe that communism is a bad government.

History of Communism in Cuba

When you think of Cuba and communism you think of Fidel Castro, but communism in Cuba didn’t start with Fidel Castro. There have been traces of communist groups in Cuba since the early 1920’s. Anibal Escalante, Blas Roca, Fabio Grobart and Julio Mella all co founded the “internationalized” Communist Party of Cuba. The group supported Fulgencio Batista who was a Cuban military officer and a former president. They later renamed “internationalized” Communist Party of Cuba to the People’s Socialist Party. They changed the name for electoral reasons. The People’s Socialist Party was originally critical of Fidel Castro. Batista was a Cuban president who later became a dictator. When Batista tried to run for president a second time he was not expected to win. Since he had no chance of winning he staged a coup in 1952. A coup is a sudden overthrow of government, it is often done illegal and it mostly replaces just high level figures. Batista held power with the backing of a nationalist section of the army as a “provisional president”. Fulgenico Batista also held a second coup in 1952, when he was sure he would loose the election. In this election Fidel Castro also ran for president. At the time Fidel Castro was a lawyer and also a revolutionary leader. The Cuban Revolution begun on July 26, 1953. That is when a group of one hundred guerillas attacked the Moncada Barracks. The group of guerillas failed and most of them died in battle. One of the survivors in the battle was Fidel Castro. Castro was captured and was sent to trial. He was sentenced to 15 years in jail. Castro only served 2 years of the 15 he was sentenced, because of opposition from many civil rights leaders and the Jesuits. When Castro was released he went to Mexico where he and other Cubans trained for another attack to overthrow Batista. There he trained with famous revolutionary leader Ernesto “Che” Guevara. Castro invaded Cuba in 1956 and took over power in 1959. Most Cubans supported the revolution because they wanted to restore the Cuban Constitution that Batista abolished. The revolutionary regime also supported Castro because of all the promises he was making. When Castro came to power he never kept any of the promises that he made to the revolutionary regime. Fidel Castro has been in power since 1959. He is still the current president but due to illness he has given all of his duties to his younger brother Raul Castro.

Is Communism in Cuba an Evil Regime?

Communism has always been the world’s most feared and least loved government. Countries and people have fought for years against communism. It is the basic belief in the world that citizens should have rights in their own country and be free to elect its own leading official. Communism is when there is one leading...
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