Communism in Cuba and China

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In the aftermath of World War II, countries such as India, Vietnam, Cuba, China, and Ghana had independence movements to change who was in power. The changes that had come were compared to a raging hurricane that the old orders could not stand against. As a result of this, the people who had been exploited revolted against their governments who had kept them in subjection. The communist dictators of Cuba, Fidel Castro, and China, Mao Zedong, lead revolutions to overthrow their governments and to help the people of the lower classes prosper. These brute leaders went into battles in their own countries and changed the lives of Cuban and Chinese citizens; however it is debatable whether the changes were for better or for worse. From 1900 to 1950, American had a lot of economic influence in Cuba. America had imperialized Cuba, owning most of the businesses and land, and took advantage of the Cubans; they worked long hours for little pay. At this time, it was the dictator Fulgencio Batista who was in power and he supported United States involvement. This was odd because American policies would normally go against alliances with dictators; however since Batista was not communist America remained at peace with him. Because America had imperialized in Cuba, the Cubans had a steep fall to the bottom of their own social hierarchy. In 1953, a man names Fidel Castro tried to overthrow Batista but failed and was imprisoned. Castro was a communist who was deeply inspired by Karl Marx and his book The Communist Manifesto. “When we speak of the struggle, the people mean the vast unredeemed masses, to whom all make promises and who all deceive; we men the people who yearn for a better, more dignified and more just nation (Castro Cuban Revolution Doc 1).” In this quote, Castro explains where all of the man power for his revolution will come from; those who want to be seen as equal. When Castro was released in 1956, he spent three years walking along the country side of Cuba talking to, eating with, sleeping with, and acting like the peasants to spread communist ideas. When Castro tries to overthrow Batista for a second time in 1959, he is successful because he had the support of the peasants. Under Castro's rule, all Americans were forced out of Cuba and the better off Cubans were exiled. Castro saw anybody who had some money as an imperialistic threat to his new reforms. Under these reforms, women became equal, health care was improved, more people became educated, and land was redistributed to the former peasant class. “Before the revolution, women didn’t have nearly as many opportunities as they do now. If they didn’t sell themselves to some boss or dictator, they didn’t have a chance…now women are equal to men (Diaz Cuban Revolution Doc 2).” This is the recollection of a young Cuban teenager describing the changes that came with Castro and communism. Although this quote seems upbeat, not many people were truly happy. “On February 27, 1961, the United States federal government had approved a program for economic assistance to Cuban refugees. Hundreds of Cubans waited in line to go into the designated building for their aid. All of the Cubans had stories to tell of how their human and legal rights disappeared and they couldn’t escape the nightmare of executions and imprisonment (Minagorri Cuban Revolution Doc 7).” Although everyone is equal under communism, it seems that everyone is equally deprived as opposed to everyone equally prospering. This was a frightening even for America, they now had to be fully aware of the domino theory. This is the fear of falling to communism after a neighboring country has. Since Cuba is only 90 miles off the coast of Florida this was a rational fear. After Cuba became communist the United States no longer had an alliance with them and proceeded to place an embargo on them in 1961. The United States was getting increasingly frightened of the domino theory and didn’t agree with...
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