September 10, 2012
In an effort to pay off war debt and maintain control and authority over the colonies, Britain established the Declaratory, Tea and Intolerable Acts, which resulted in unity among the colonies to fight for their freedom. Before the Declaratory Act, the people of the colonies were angered with the establishment of the Stamp Act. A statement was sent to Britain’s Parliament from the colonies stating there should be “No taxation without representation,” which resulted in the Stamp Acts removal, but the Declaratory Acts issuing. The Declaratory Act asserted Parliament’s power over the colonies and gave it the right to freely tax and make laws in the colonies. The final straw for the colonists was the Intolerable and Quebec Acts of 1774. This penalized Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party and also provided civil government for French speaking Roman Catholics. Fed up with Britain, the first Continental Congress met in Philidelphia in 1774 and made five major decisions, one of them recommending that the colonies make military preparations for defense against the British in Boston. Minutemen prepared to fight, and on April 17, 1775 the American Revolution had begun with the battles of Lexington and Concord. With the Sugar, Currency and Stamp Acts, colonists became angered with the amount of British Taxation. In Virginia, Patrick Henry made a speech to the House of Burgesses, in which he declared the Americans possessed he same rights as the English, and should be taxed only by their representatives and that no taxes unless were to be paid unless voted by the Virginia assembly. In Massachusetts in the summer of 1765, crowds began taking the law into their own hands, creating the breaking out of riots. A colonial organization was created called the Sons of Liberty who began to burn the stamps resulting in the ceasing of selling stamps. The colonies felt they should have representatives in...
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