Cold War Arms Race

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Erin Faulkner
The Cold War Arms Race

Questions:
1. The impact of technology on the arms race
Nuclear weapons were a massive impact of technology that started the Arms Race, and that all began on August 29, 1949. The arms race was the development of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles that could have a major impact on wherever it was deployed upon. The arms race was between the United States and the Soviet Union, it was the period of massive build up of nuclear weapon stockpiles. James Carter who was at the time of the arms race the President of the United States had apparenty, “Hoped that American relations with the Soviet Union would continue to improve and that the two nations could come to economic and arms control agreements that would relax Cold War tensions”, and that “The Carter administration have toned down its human-rights based criticisms of the Soviet Union after the Brezhnev government threatened to end the arms control talks”. James Carter seemed to have many beliefs and goals about this whole ordeal. After James Carter lost presidency to Ronald Reagen, the new president, Reagen, was thrown into the arms race. Ronald Reagan’s defence secretary, Caspar W. Weinberger claims that Reagan said this, “This is a Cold War that needs to be won. It was a matter of demonstrating to them that they couldn't win a war. In order to do that we have to regain our strength”. That pretty much speaks for its self. Phases of development in technology in the arms race included, the atomic bomb, the hydrogen bomb, plutonium bomb, the development of atomic energy, atomic energy act was signed by Harry Truman to control the development of atomic energy, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) established, Soviet Union detonates its first atomic bomb, first nuclear tests at Nevada, British atomic bombs tested, and so it all goes on and on until something major ends up happening in the U.S. and Soviet Russia and just backfires on everything : the Cuban Missile Crisis. This is what “pushing” a nuclear war and a space race does to countries. Luckily nothing else happened. Thawing in the Cold War was because of one period of relaxation called “Détente”, which is a French word meaning "release of tensions." It was hoped that this period of Détente would improve the relations between the United States and the Soviet’s. Freezing in the Cold War was “A dangerous and escalating nuclear arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union that threatened to end civilization as we knew it.” Freezing in the arms race was something such as the Cuban Missile Crisis. It caused hysteria in the government and the citizens and struck fear in the hearts of the nation. ”It was practically ending the Cold War with a Nuclear Freeze.” In the “Star Wars Speech”, Ronald Reagan claimed this: “, firing silver laser bullets and shooting missiles out of the hands of Soviet outlaws.” I think meaning that it was practically like a star wars movie with unbelievable actions and futuristic motives.

2. The impact of American and Soviet leadership on the development of the arms race One main feature that contributed to the development of the arms race was the development of the Atomic bomb. The Trinity Test on the 16th of July 1945 was the world's first atomic bomb test. This started the US/Soviet Arms Race. In 1945, the first atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the Americans. This is what President Harry .S. Truman said about the atomic bomb. “On July 24, I casually mentioned to Stalin that we had a new weapon of unusual destructive force. The Russian Premier showed no special interest. All he said was he was glad to hear it and hoped we would make “good use of it against the Japanese.””. (Harry S. Truman, Year of Decisions (Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Company, 1955) p. 416.) Another main feature of the nuclear arms race was...
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