Clonning

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Aldous Huxley describes his view of how cloning in his book “Brave New World”. The Bokanovsky Process; which involves shocking an egg so that it divides to form up to ninety-six identical embryos, which then develop into ninety-six identical human beings. The process is described in four steps. Step one, thirty-six hours after fertilization, embryos are given 8 minutes exposure to x-rays, a few eggs die, a few divide in two, most divide in four, some divide in eight. The next step, wait two days is then the embryos are chilled; so a few eggs die, a few divide in two, most divide in four, and some divide in eight. Step three. The embryos exposed to near-lethal dose of alcohol; so a few die, a few divide in two, most divide in four, some divide in eight. The finale step is the embryos are allowed to develop in to human beings.(New World) In the article genetics, the author talks about two ways of cloning process. One way is artificial embryo twinning, and somatic cell nuclear transfer. Artificial embryo twinning is done by a Petri dish, the zygot(fertilized egg) is manually separated, then allowed the cell to divide and develop on its own. The embryos are then moved into a surrogate mother. The other the cloning is done is somatic cell nuclear transfer(human-cloning). The first step is egg is taken from a surrogate mother, and then the nucleus of the egg is removed. The next step is the dna from the animal that is going to be clone is removed. Then a DNA strain is move from the animal that is being clone is put into the egg and then transferred to the surrogate mother(human-cloning). The article Human cloning, it taks about human replicas John F. Kilner talks about how an adult is cloned, an embryo is created. The embryo's cells contain the same genetic code as the cells of the adult being cloned(genetics); the embryo goes through many years of development in an environment that is significantly different from that in which the adult developed. Because of their...
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