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  • Topic: Tunisia, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, North Africa
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Cdt. Nusair Marwan. Political Geography(A2).

Tunisia
Introduction:
Tunisia is located in the north side of Africa and it bordered with the Mediterranean Sea from the north and the south. Tunisia is a very exciting place to go. Its weather is beautiful in the winter and perfect for tanning in the beach in summer. There are many place to visit in Tunisia like Bardo Museum; which has the world’s largest collection of Roman mosaics and other antiquities of interest from ancient Greece, Carthage, and from the Arab period, Port De France which is a comprised architecture and decoration from many different styles and periods and is believed to stand on the remains of Roman theater as well as the tenth century palace of Ziadib-Allah II al- Aghlab, Kantaoui Golf is one of the good golf places to play in and that was approved by PGA championship courses, Hannibal park, Hergla Karting park, and Friguia Safari park are the best place for fun and interesting things to do like big water slides, karting and drifting and you can also see the animals in the safari; including the endangered animals, Borabora is an amazing outside disco where you can dance and have a lot of fun, but it is only open during the summer.

History:
People and ideas have entered northwest Africa through Tunisia for centuries. According to tradition, the Phoenicians began to colonize the coast of Tunisia about 1100 B.C. and founded the famous city of Carthage near present day Tunis about 814 B.C. the Romans defeated Carthage in 146 B.C. and ruled Tunisia for the next 600 years. In A.D. 439, the Vandals, which is a European tribe, invaded Tunisia, defeated the romans, and captured Carthage. The Byzantines had lose control over Tunisia when Muslim Arabs from the middle east invaded in the mid-600s. the Arab invasion was a turning point in Tunisia’s history. Tunisia began slowly to become a part of Arab-Muslim civilization. The Ottoman Empire, which was centered in Asia Minor (now part of Turkey), won control of Tunisia in 1574. The Ottoman rulers appointed a ruler to govern Tunisia from Tunis. Tunisia got its independence after a movement that began in 1914 before World War I, but the most successful movement didn’t begin till 1934. In that year Habib Bourguiba founded the new constitution party later called the Social Destour Party and now known as the Democratic Constitutional Rally. France finally granted Tunisia its self-government in 1955 and its independence in 1956. Tunisia’s past made its traditions and beliefs similar to the countries that took power over it in the past, it speaks Arabic like the middle eastern countries and French too, and the religion and culture is same as well as the countries that have controlled them.

Geography:
Tunisia’s total area is 63,170 miles squared and it is one of the largest Arabian countries, Tunisia’s land area is 59,985 miles squared, its size is twice the size of the state of South Carolina, it is boarded on the west by Algeria and by Libya on the south. Tunisia has a longitude shape in which its long but wide at the same time. Tunisia is slightly larger than Georgia. In Tunisia, the northern branch is called the Atlas Mountains, and the southern branch is the Tabassah Mountains. But the mountains are low in Tunisia. Just a few peaks reach more than 2,000 feet, and the highest which is Mountain Chambi is only 5,066 feet above sea level. Hills and grassland lie between the mountain ranges. Much of Tunisia’s wheat is grown in the Majardah River valley in the north. The Majardah is the only river in Tunisia that does not dry during the summer season. There are 5 main cities in Tunisia; Tunis (is the capital of the country), Sfax which is located in the east side, Sousse is located in the north east and boarding the Mediterranean sea, Gabes is located in the middle, Gafsa is also located in the middle. Countries that surround...
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