Victor Hugo's preface concludes the last of the Last Day of a Condemned in 1832. When he discovers in the Court Gazette of 19 March 1832, the trial transcript of a certain Claude Gueux sentenced to death for murder, he discovers an echo of his plea against the death penalty and decides to write a novel. He then transcribes the life of Claude Gueux upon entering the prison until his execution through the grounds of his crime and trial. The book is a long reflection of Victor Hugo on the roles and duties of society towards the criminal.
"But why this man has he stolen? Why this man has he killed? " Victor Hugo responds:
"The people are hungry, cold people. Poverty leads them to crime or vice. " According to Victor Hugo, the people are sick but the company does not use the right remedies and concludes:
"The head man of the people, cultivate it, clear it, water it, fertilize it, illuminate it, moralizing it, use it, you will not need cutting. "
Raise awareness on the death penalty and the role of government in educating the people, the reader will find in a real guide Claude Gueux moralist. The effect is of a mirror that reflects the sad truth of the working classes.
The death penalty is a sign of decline, a society that believes in encouraging people move to vice.
The schematic structure of the new is based on three distinct parts.
Before prison, this first part introduces the character of Claude Gueux, profile of a punished man, who wanted to keep his dignity in front of his child and wife. What follows, five years at the prison of Clairvaux. The rhythm of the sentences and the brutality of the words put the reader's journey on the path of reflection. The author establishes a strong link between the protagonist and the reader.
From Confinement to the scaffold, this second part is detached from the other two; the narrative takes a more important place. In this second part, Claude became friends with another inmate, Albin, who shares his meager ration of food with him. The director of workshops, called MD, Claude does not appreciate this because he feels like Claude exerts too much authority over his fellow prisoners. So, MD he decides to change prisoner Albin neighborhood. Claude tries to retrieve his friend, but the director does not act. Desperate, he decides to murder MD and attempted suicide. He kills the director but he survives from his attempted suicide. He was then sentenced to death.
The State, Education Act and the Death Penalty, this third and final section concludes the story on the author's will to make us reflect on the real guilt of Claude, the state can he not also responsible and how? Real argument we propose Victor Hugo ever invested in the difficulty of the oppressed.
Paris, early nineteenth, in 1826 or 1827. There lived a man named Claude Gueux, partner of a prostitute and a father of the child.
One winter, fire and bread failed, the man stole the girl and the child had for three days of bread and fire, Claude had five years in prison in the central house of Clairvaux. Night at the jail the day of the workshop. Here is how we recycle inmates. Claude, made shortly after his incarceration, the director's knowledge of Workshops, MD.
In agreement with the penitentiary, it is cold, stoic, stubborn and seems to address a particular hostility to Claude.
After a few months, Claude gained some control over the convicts. It generates a deformation around which his comrades. The attraction created by these inequalities between him and other inmates is coupled with the resentment of the jailers and particularly that of the Director of the workshops. The ration given to inmates is insufficient to Claude, in fact it was a great eater.
That's how hunger born of friendship: his bread and meat importuned, the other was too much, he grabbed the diet and divided into two equal parts, it was agreed and every day.
The other is called Albin, he flew too, the two men had for each other...
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