This information is available to us because of programs designed to track the rate crimes increase in comparison to a component of the population. The crime rates are guidelines that help us manage the potential increase in future crimes and help us devise a system that is prepared to deal with the complications they pose to our society. There are three programs commonly used to establish crime rates.
Uniform Crime Reporting programs (UCR/NIBRS) and the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) are programs headed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Bureau of Justice Statistics. The UCR/NIBRS compiles data from crimes reported to the police and the NCVS collects data from surveys of homes through out the country. Because of the vast difference of collection of data and the other variances there is a noteworthy difference of reported crime rates between the two programs (Schmalleger, 2011).
It is these differences and the lack of communication between the programs that hinders the full potential of accurate crime rate calculations. Needed is more communication between these two programs as well as new program development to achieve a successful crime-reporting program in the United States. A more efficient system would increase the percentage of crimes solved.
There is a correlation between crime rates, arrest rates, and clearance rates. When arrest rates increase it is a sign we have well developed programs put into place working in unison to better prepare us in the combat of fighting crime as it increases. This results in the increase of clearance rates, which is solving crimes. Reducing criminal activity by predicting crime waves by using well placed programs producing accurate data, incarcerating and rehabilitating offenders is a way to combat criminal activity.