The UNIA and the 1920s
The source being discussed in this paper is the one that stood out the most to me. It documents Marcus Garvey’s speech he delivered at Liberty hall on November 2nd 1922. In his speech he is calling all the Negroes of America to not stand for the repression and racism that was running rampant through America at that time. It is an interesting and important read because his ideals and actions he wanted to put in place were much more radical than others of his time. Most of the activists for black rights at the time were arguing for more equality and less racial barriers. Garvey thought this was just a way to silently live under the white man’s shadow, instead he proposed for the exodus of black people from all different sects of the world back to their homeland, Africa.
This speech was during many historical events in American History. This was the “Roaring Twenties”, a time where the economy was thriving from the First World War. The decade may not have seemed too great at first, with the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution coming into effect outlawing the ‘manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors’ (Palmer, 7-8). Though the prohibition was ridiculed by many different parties the overall mood of the decade could not be brought down. The war was over and many families were reunited again. Patriotic feelings were obvious in the masses and the people as a nation had a new sense of pride being one of the strongest countries in the world. The start of the decade also brought with it the election of a new president. The two candidates were Warren G. Harding for the Republican nominee and James A. Cox for the Democratic nominee. Harding proved to be the superior politician with his talk of normalcy, a chance to repair economic damage and make rational choices for the new decade, for the nation (Palmer, 25-26). Harding put a beating on Cox in the booths and became the next president. By the end of his first year...
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