Christian Ethical Response Towards Commercial Sex Workers

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  • Topic: Prostitution, Hyderabad State, Nizam
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  • Published : February 3, 2013
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Literature Review

Definition of Prostitution
The UN AIDS Inter-Agency Task Team on Gender and HIV/AIDS, in its fact sheet "HIV/AIDS, Gender and Sex Work," published in its 2005 Resource Pack on Gender and HIV/AIDS, stated as follows with their own way of understanding by presenting a broad definition "A broad definition of sex work would be: ‘the exchange of money or goods for sexual services, either regularly or occasionally, involving female, male, and transgender adults, young people and children where the sex worker may or may not consciously define such activity as income-generating’. There is a widespread view that occasional engagement in transactional sex, or sexual barter, constitutes ‘sex work’. Sex work may be formal or informal. In some instances, sex work is only a temporary informal activity. Women and men who have occasional commercial sexual transactions or where sex is exchanged for food, shelter or protection (survival sex) would not consider them to be linked with formal sex work. Occasional sex work takes place where sex is exchanged for basic, short-term economic needs and this is less likely to be a formal, full-time occupation. Commercial sex work may be conducted in formally organized settings from sites such as brothels, nightclubs, and massage parlors; or more informally by commercial sex workers who are street based or self-employed."

The History of Prostitution
The commercial sex worker has been known universally throughout the civilization and ages as prostitute. Prostitution is the so-called “Oldest Profession”. The earliest known record of prostitution appears in ancient Mesopotamia. It is shocking to note that the licensed brothels exist in Solon, Greece in around 550 B.C.

The History of Prostitution in India
The Indian Vedas, say it is an organized, established and necessary institution in Puranas and Vishnu Samhita literature. Around 6th Century, the practice of dedicating the girls for Hindu gods became prevalent and this practice lead to ritualized prostitution, it is known as devadasi system. Devadasi literally means, Dev means god and Dasi means female servant. The system of devadasi started only after the fall of Buddhism and records about them appearing around 1000 A.D. [Bharatiya Sanskruti Kosh, IV, 448]. The Buddhist nuns were degraded by the Brahmins and considered them as prostitutes. According to 1934 Devadasi Security Act, this practice is banned in India. In 1980’s the same system took its heights, though the Government of Karnataka in 1982 and Government of Andhra Pradesh in 1988 declared it as illegal. The practice still prevailed in 10 districts of north Karnataka and 14 districts in Andhra Pradesh. These districts are bordering Maharashtra, which were known as Devadasis belt.

Vatsyayana’s Kama sutra and Kautilya in his Arthashastra describes the details of various types of prostitutes, rules of conduct and the roles played by the customer, pimp and the brothel-keeper, and the income made by pimps and brothel-keepers, since second and fourth centuries (A.C.E).

During the time of British also there were brothels. The Mughal Empire (1526 – 1857) also witnessed prostitution. India is home to Asia’s largest red-light district - Mumbai’s Kamathipura, stands at the top list. And other metropolitan cities were in line for the up rise of prostitution. Among the most of the cities in the present day Hyderabad and the secunderabad are the places giving a high range of opportunities for running hi-tech sex rackets.

The History of Hyderabad and Secunderabad

Hyderabad
The history of Hyderabad begins when Quli Qutub Shah took in the custody of the rule of Bahamani Kingdom in 1512, and established the Qutb Shahi dynasty. He constructed the fortress city of Golconda. Quli Qutub Shah was forced to establish new city named Charminar, because at Golconda there was a problem of inadequacy of water, and frequent epidemics of plague and cholera. So, for that reason...
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