Chinas One Child Policy

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Crystal Valencia
Mr. Smock
Language Arts 4, Period 2
11 March 2013
China’s One Child Policy
Like Arthur Waley states "When a son is born, Let him sleep on the bed, Clothe him with fine clothes, And give him jade to play…When a daughter is born, Let her sleep on the ground, Wrap her in common wrappings, And give broken tiles to play…". Traditional Chinese Society value and worship boys rather than girls because they say boys are more beneficial since they are harder workers and they carry on the last name of the family. Even though China may be heavily populated, its one child policy is brutal and needs to stop because newborn females are being abandoned, murdered, and abortions are conducted at an alarming rate.

In 1967, the one child policy was introduced to limit the population since it was one of the worlds most populated country. “The one child family policy was developed and implemented in response to concerns about the social and economic consequences of continued rapid population growth” (Kane). This policy limited every family to have one child in order to try and decrease the size of the population in China. In some areas, the law didn’t apply if the first born child was a girl, military officers of a certain rank, members of China’s many ethnic minorities or farmers who were poor. Many families who decided to have more than one child, weren’t able to obtain a birth certificate, education, future birth control, and a fine would be applied to each and every other child one has. Those who didn’t want to face the consequences of having another child, often aborted or just left the baby to die in the street, especially if it was a baby girl.

The frequent use of abortion and neglect in china is just savage to those innocent babies of Chinese families. Female Infanticide increased in China due to this one child policy. “Although the Chinese government recognized the risks to female infants in rural areas where anti-female bias is greater, allowing couples to have a second child if the first is a girl, the number of girls who have been subject to murder and neglect, as a result of this policy, numbers in the millions” (Female Infanticide). China’s one child policy was passed knowing that the female infanticide would grow and as a result it led to millions of neglected and murdered newborn girls which brought the birth rate of girls down. “Despite the egalitarian nature of Chinese society, many parents believe that having a son is a vital element of providing for their old age. Therefore in extreme cases, a baby is killed if it is not of the preferred sex, because of the pressure not to have more than one child” (Female Infanticide). Girls in China are being neglected and intentionally killed by their own parents due to the fact that many families in china prefer to have a son since they are the ones who carry the last name and are more likely to succeed. “The main reasons given for abortion are contraceptive failure and a lack of government approval for the pregnancy under the one child policy” (Hesketh). The lack of money also resulted in many abortions and neglect of newborn babies. If families followed this one child policy, the first child would earn free education, health and money for their one and only child. Having more than one baby effected the life’s of many families because of the fact that there would be a fine assigned for each and every other child they had, they wouldn’t earn a birth certificate, there would be no government help and they would have to pay more tax.

The primary reason why China’s One Child Policy was conducted, was because of its overpopulated country. “After the introduction of the one-child policy, the fertility rate in China fell from 2.63 births per woman in 1980 (already a sharp reduction from more than five births per woman in the early 1970s) to 1.61 in 2009” (Torrent). When this policy was passed, many families followed the one child policy, which prevented the...
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