Child Labor Issue in China

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The child labor has been a controversial issue in China over the past ten years. According to the World Bank, ten million children below the age of 16 are employed illegally in factories, coalmines, and construction agencies across different provinces in China (2010). Even though there are some regulations enforced by the Chinese government to try decrease the number of children workers in cities, there is still a large number of families taking the risk of losing their children by sending them to work. Most of these children came from poor villages and were forced by their family members to relocate to cities to find jobs. Since low-income families are struggling to feed themselves, they cannot provide basic education for their children. Welfare programs, such as basic job training and free educational programs, should be expanded to these rural villages to prevent child labor in China.

The audiences for this essay are families with children workers, social workers, and people who are working for welfare agencies in China. All the families with children workers already understand the danger of sending their children to work, but they may not know how to seek help from government agencies to prevent their children from working. Social workers don’t know how to find a way to connect these poor families with welfare agencies in China. Social workers are involved in the process of promoting these welfare programs to poor families in villages. They can use mass media as a way to protect the rights of these young workers by publishing articles and photos on newspapers and websites to expose child labor issue to public. Since the government agencies do not pay enough attention to address and to solve this problem, more and more young children will fall into the trap of lack of education and poverty. Welfare agencies and social workers can work together to enforce government regulations on industry employers to prevent them from hiring young children workers.

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