Between 100 C.E. and 600 C.E. Rome went through many cultural and political changes, such as the split of the region into eastern and western halves and the rise of Christianity. However, despite these changes, the Roman Empire was able to keep its laws fundamentally the same throughout the Byzantine Empire. At the beginning of the third century, Rome was in the height of Pax Romana (Latin for “Roman Peace”). Even so, the nation was facing extreme economic issues as well as internal and external battles. The Roman Empire had become too large for the economy to fully support it, and because of this Rome eventually split into two political halves. The presence of Germanic tribes trying to take some of the land from either side of the nation also cause the political split because the armies had to divide in order to take on the enemy. Along with the wars outside of the Roman land, internal civil wars were also a detriment to the political prowess of the Roman Empire. The political split was most likely also due to the fact that because there was so many people living within the Roman Empire, there were many different ideas about how to most effectively run everything and there was no way that every one’s ideas would be taken into account. During this period in history Rome was only rivaled by China to be the largest empire on Earth, but the Roman Empire eventually collapsed because of how much it was spread out and the fact that it was spread out over masses of water. The practice and rise of Christianity was also a very large cultural change that took place within the Roman Empire. in 100 C.E. the practice of Christianity was refused by the Roman authorities because they viewed it as a threat to the empire. During the 3rd and 4th centuries, Christianity was made into a legitimate religion by Constantine, but was still now considered the major religion in Rome. However, when St. Augustine created Christian writings that appealed to the educated class,..
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