Challenging an Uncertainty: Alternative Medicine as a Popular Trend in Kazakhstan

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Challenging an uncertainty: alternative medicine as a popular trend in Kazakhstan Kamila Kadyrova
KIMEP
Almaty, Kazakhstan

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Literature Review
Chapter 3: Description of Results
Chapter 4: Analysis
Chapter 5: Conclusion
Bibliography
Appendix

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Chapter 1: Introduction
Part A. In 2003 one 6 year old boy was delivered to Kostanay regional hospital. The state of this boy was critical; he was unconscious. It had happened that a native healer gave him some uncertain remedy from the stomach ache. After it, his temperature rose dramatically, then he started to rave and finally he lost consciousness. As the doctors found out, the remedy, which the healer gave to the boy, consisted from 3 components; one of them was extremely dangerous for boy because of personal intolerance to it. If doctors’ did not help him in time, this boy could have become crippled or even died. It is an awful thing when children become victims of unchecked therapies, but let’s look from the other side. Many people have their own experience of marvelous convalescence in cases when even medical practitioners failed to help. So, if there is such a bottomless abyss between the results that people get from alternative medicine, what actually makes them use it again and again? Let’s see the roots of people’s preference for alternative medicine in this research paper. Defining alternative medicine is quite difficult. The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) defines complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) as “a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine” (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2011, p. 1). With the purpose of understanding what are the attractive points of alternative treatment for people, the whole system of complementary and alternative medicine should be observed. Complementary and alternative medical treatments include several broad categories, such as natural products, mind and body medicine, and manipulative and body-based practices. The research conducted by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, which is the United States government’s principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, in 2011 presents all these kinds of CAM. Firstly, herbal medicine is the area of CAM which uses a variety of herbal medicines (also known as botanicals), vitamins, minerals, and other “natural products.” Barnes and Bloom, who work in National Center for Health Statistics and Nahin, who is senior advisor for scientific coordination and outreach of National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine have made a report, which analyzes several estimates of complementary and alternative medicine use among U.S. adults and children from the data of the 2007 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Accordion to them (2008), in 2007 NHIS, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s and National Center for Health Statistics, found out that 17.7 percent of American adults had used a nonvitamin/nonmineral natural product. These products were the most popular form of CAM among both adults and children. Then U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2011) demonstrates the next category of CAM - mind and body medicine. This kind of practices focuses on the interactions among the brain, mind, body, and behavior of the person in order to use the mind to affect physical functioning and improve health. Meditation, yoga and acupuncture belong to mind and body therapies. Other examples of such practices include deep-breathing exercises, guided imagery, hypnotherapy, progressive relaxation, qi gong, and tai chi. The National Health Interview Survey (as cited in Barnes, Bloom & Nahin, 2008) found that 12.7 percent of American adults had...
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