Independent Study in Juvenile Delinquency
Professor Val Mertens
September 20, 2011
Various forms of Trait Theories have been studied as being associated with Juvenile Delinquencies. “Developmental Theory is a view that criminality is a dynamic process, influenced by social experiences as well as individual characteristics. Developmental factors include biological, social, and psychological structures and processes (Larry Siegel 2011).” However, the following questions remain:
* What propels youths to commit crimes?
* Complex influences of a variety of biological, genetic, and environmental factors, and Further complicated; by various reactions to environmental factors. Are these theories actually proven?
* Why is it that only a few individuals who experience the same environments as many others actually commit crime? Criminological theories provide a scientific way to approach and understand why Juveniles commit crimes. The following factors have been reasons for many debates: Criminological Criterion: 1) Classical School Theories-Focus on individual free will and our ability to make choices as the central explanation for committing delinquency/crime (Bohm/Vogel 2011). 2) Positive School Theories- Embraces determinism and scientific method: Additionally, recognizing the role of forces that individuals cannot control or may not be aware of on crime and the role of science to discover what these factors are the positive school has 3 basic approaches: biological, psychological, and sociological. Why do Juveniles commit crime?
Based on the Positive School Theory, the following factors apply: I. Genetic processing of criminal tendencies.
II. Hormonal imbalances.
III. Neurological dysfunction.
IV. Developmental Theory (Biosocial Theories).
V. Environmental factors “age, sex, gender, and social status” (Lee...