27million adults and 13million children are being trafficked worldwide. Human trafficking has become a multibillion crime enterprise, second to drug and arms dealing. Human trafficking is the recruitment, smuggling or receipt of persons by means of violence or other means of fraud, abuse authority or receiving benefits to control over a person for the purpose of exploitation (The United Nation n.d.). The roots of human trafficking lies in its high demand, the low risk nature of the job and the mentality of society.
Humans are highly profitable as forced labourer (Polaris Japan, 2012). Forced labour is an all work service which is exhausted from any person under cruelty, where the individual is unwilling to perform voluntarily (C29 Forced Labour Convention, 1930). Major forms of forced labourer are commercial sexual exploitations and forced economical exploitations. Commercial sexual exploitations include prostitution and pornography, while economical exploitations cover manual labour. These trades generate an estimated 31.6 billion dollars with industrialized economies contributing 49% of the grand total (Besler Patrick, 2005). High demands play a crucial role. When people are willing to buy sex, they create a market for traffickers to sexually exploit; when consumers buys services from forced labour industries, labour traffickers gain a profit incentive.
Human trafficking is a low risk trade. People are ignorant to trafficking, institutions are not trained to respond, laws are ineffective to address the crime, victims have no safety nets and when the law does not prosecute the crime, traffickers perceive little risks to affect their operations. Country permitting prostitution like Germany, often had human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitations concealed even to the eyes of the law enforcer for prostitution is deemed normal and tolerated. Every 800 people trafficked, only one person was convicted in 2006 (US State Department, 2007), the other traffickers were sentenced to little or no jail time, marring the power of the law that failed to prosecute them, for example in Uzbekistan (United States Mission, 2005)
The mind set of society plays an important role. There are people living in poverty. The desires for people to leave poverty for consumer products and higher living standards has forced many household to devise survival strategies that have included migrating for work and makes them vulnerable to the conmen of trafficking that rents out that persons labour to pay off a debt or loan, also known as debt bondage (William Finnegan, 2008).There is a special evil in the abuse and exploitation of the most innocent and vulnerable (George W. Bush n.d.).
The seeds of evil planted have grown in the tree that affects us all. Not only us or the victims, but every human alike. Human trafficking has not only given rise to the increase in global health risk, it fuels international crimes and it violates human rights.
Victims of human trafficking have gone through hell. Relentless anxiety, insecurity, fear and physical pain and injury caused by the abuse of the trafficker in forms of rape, torture or threat (Paloma Pineda, 2011) will have significant effects on the mental health and well-being of trafficked victims (Lunde & Ortmann, 1992). Symptoms of psychological trauma reported by trafficked persons include post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, alienation and disorientation. Studies indicate that trauma worsens throughout the duration of the trafficking process This clearly shows the effects of trafficking on global health risks.
Human trafficking fuels international crime. Every time there is trafficking you have mass corruption, there is document fraud and there are corrupted cops, officials and custom agents looking the other way (Austein Michelle, 2007). The traffickers often collaborate with corrupt officials in order to...